Document Detail

Verbal and nonverbal interactions of four- and five-year-old friends in potential conflict situations.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  12230153     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Dyads of 4- and 5-year-old friends and nonfriends attending preschools in central Italy were identified by friendship nominations. The 217 dyads of friends and non-friends participated in 2 closed-field tasks designed to simulate real-life situations of potential conflict. In the 4-year-old cohort, there were no significant differences in the behavior of the partners in either of the situations. However, at age 5 years, friends respected the rules of a fast-paced competitive game significantly more than did nonfriends. In discussing how to share a single object (a chocolate egg with a toy inside), 5-year-old friends were more likely to reach agreement than were nonfriends. The results suggest important developmental changes in the processes of negotiation and sharing within the preschool years.
Giovanna Tomada; Barry H Schneider; Ada Fonzi
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Clinical Trial; Controlled Clinical Trial; Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  The Journal of genetic psychology     Volume:  163     ISSN:  0022-1325     ISO Abbreviation:  J Genet Psychol     Publication Date:  2002 Sep 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2002-09-16     Completed Date:  2003-02-04     Revised Date:  2007-03-30    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  2985112R     Medline TA:  J Genet Psychol     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  327-39     Citation Subset:  IM    
Department of Psychology, University of Florence, Italy.
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MeSH Terms
Child Behavior*
Child Development
Child, Preschool
Competitive Behavior
Conflict (Psychology)*
Cooperative Behavior*
Games, Experimental
Logistic Models
Problem Solving

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