Document Detail


Verbal fluency indicators of malingering in traumatic brain injury: classification accuracy in known groups.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  18756393     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
A known-groups design was used to determine the classification accuracy of verbal fluency variables in detecting Malingered Neurocognitive Dysfunction (MND) in traumatic brain injury (TBI). Participants were 204 TBI and 488 general clinical patients. The Slick et al. (1999) criteria were used to classify the TBI patients into non-MND and MND groups. An educationally corrected FAS Total Correct word T-score proved to be the most accurate of the several verbal fluency indicators examined. Classification accuracy of this variable at specific cutoffs is presented in a cumulative frequency table. This variable accurately differentiated non-MND from MND mild TBI patients but its accuracy was unacceptable in moderate/severe TBI. The clinical application of these findings is discussed.
Authors:
Kelly L Curtis; Laura K Thompson; Kevin W Greve; Kevin J Bianchini
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Clinical Trial; Journal Article     Date:  2007-11-26
Journal Detail:
Title:  The Clinical neuropsychologist     Volume:  22     ISSN:  1385-4046     ISO Abbreviation:  Clin Neuropsychol     Publication Date:  2008 Sep 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2008-09-11     Completed Date:  2008-12-02     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8806548     Medline TA:  Clin Neuropsychol     Country:  Netherlands    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  930-45     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Department of Psychology, University of New Orleans - Lakefront, New Orleans, LA 70148, USA.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adult
Analysis of Variance
Brain Injuries / complications*
Cognition Disorders / classification,  diagnosis,  etiology
Disability Evaluation
Female
Forensic Psychiatry / methods
Glasgow Coma Scale / statistics & numerical data
Humans
Male
Malingering / classification,  diagnosis*,  etiology
Middle Aged
Neuropsychological Tests / statistics & numerical data*
Psychometrics / methods,  statistics & numerical data
Psychomotor Performance / physiology*
Reference Values
Reproducibility of Results
Sensitivity and Specificity
Verbal Learning / physiology*

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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