Document Detail


Ventricular tachycardia and ventricular fibrillation in patients with short P-R intervals and narrow QRS complexes.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  95218     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Eleven patients with short P-R intervals and narrow QRS complexes had ventricular tachycardia due to organic heart disease: mitral valve prolapse with mitral insufficiency (2 patients); alcoholic (?) cardiomyopathy (2 patients); and coronary artery disease (7 patients). Intracardiac studies showed short A-H intervals during sinus rhythm in all cases. The onset of ventricular fibrillation (which, to our knowledge, has not been observed in patients having short P-R and A-H intervals coexisting with narrow QRS complexes) was documented in 4 cases. Only 1 patient (with quinidine syncope) had been premedicated. In the 3 other patients the episodes of ventricular fibrillation appeared during bouts of atrial fibrillation with rapid ventricular rates which could have been an exprerssion of the "enhanced A-V conduction" that had been manifested in sinus beats by short P-R and A-H intervals. In clinical settings and physiological conditions proven to be hemodynamically unstable (such as transient ischemia or acute myocardial infarction) these rapid ventricular rates could have led to ventricular fibrillation; directly because of the R-on-T phenomenon, and/or indirectly due to decreased coronary perfusion. Ventricular tachycardia and ventricular fibrillation due to organic heart disease probably occur more often than suggested by the few reported cases in the literature. Its significance, however, has to be clarified by further prospective studies.
Authors:
R J Myerburg; R J Sung; A Castellanos
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Case Reports; Journal Article; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Pacing and clinical electrophysiology : PACE     Volume:  2     ISSN:  0147-8389     ISO Abbreviation:  Pacing Clin Electrophysiol     Publication Date:  1979 Nov 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1980-11-25     Completed Date:  1980-11-25     Revised Date:  2007-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7803944     Medline TA:  Pacing Clin Electrophysiol     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  568-78     Citation Subset:  IM    
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adult
Aged
Arrhythmias, Cardiac / complications
Bundle of His / physiopathology
Electrocardiography*
Female
Heart Ventricles
Humans
Male
Middle Aged
Syndrome
Tachycardia / physiopathology*
Tachycardia, Paroxysmal / complications
Ventricular Fibrillation / physiopathology*
Grant Support
ID/Acronym/Agency:
2 RO 1 HL 18769-04 (SRC)/HL/NHLBI NIH HHS

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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