Document Detail


Ventricular remodelling is a prerequisite for the induction of dofetilide-induced torsade de pointes arrhythmias in the anaesthetized, complete atrio-ventricular-block dog.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  21946817     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
IntroductionA number of predisposing factors have been suggested to be contributing to drug-induced torsade de pointes (TdP) arrhythmias: short-long-short (SLS) sequence, bradycardia, timing of drug administration, anaesthesia, ventricular remodelling, and altered ventricular activation due to ventricular ectopic beats (SLS) or idioventricular rhythm (IVR). Chronic atrio-ventricular (AV)-block (CAVB) dogs are susceptible to dofetilide-induced TdP.Methods and resultsIn 32 anaesthetized animals, the relevance of ventricular remodelling for TdP susceptibility was studied by dofetilide [0.025 mg/kg/5 min intravenously (iv)] during bradycardia in the presence (CAVB, n= 18) or absence [acute atrio-ventricular block (AVB), n = 32] of ventricular remodelling. In sub-protocols, the possible pro-arrhythmic effects of timing of dofetilide administration: prior to (n= 11), or after creation of AVB (n= 9) and relevance of SLS pacing (n= 17) was investigated during IVR. Dofetilide was also given after AVB when the activation of the ventricles was normal: pacing (1000 ms) from the high septum (n= 7) or abnormal but fixed from the left ventricular apex (n= 5). Torsade de pointes inducibility was defined as reproducible (≥3 times) occurrence. In acute AV block (AAVB), dofetilide did not induce TdP spontaneously (0 of 32), whereas TdP was seen in 10 out of 18 serially tested dogs in CAVB (P< 0.001). The other factors: timing of dofetilide (0 of 11 vs. 0 of 9), SLS pacing (0 of 17 vs. 1 of 17), or ventricular activation (0 of 7 vs. 0 of 5) did not increase TdP susceptibility. Beat-to-beat variability of repolarization increased after ventricular remodelling and was highest prior to TdP induction.ConclusionIn AAVB dogs, TdP is not spontaneously seen, whereas it is present in CAVB. This implies that ventricular remodelling is a prerequisite for TdP induction in this model.
Authors:
Albert Dunnink; Jurren M van Opstal; Peter Oosterhoff; Stephan K G Winckels; Jet D M Beekman; Roel van der Nagel; S Cora Verduyn; Marc A Vos
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2011-9-22
Journal Detail:
Title:  Europace : European pacing, arrhythmias, and cardiac electrophysiology : journal of the working groups on cardiac pacing, arrhythmias, and cardiac cellular electrophysiology of the European Society of Cardiology     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1532-2092     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2011 Sep 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-9-27     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  100883649     Medline TA:  Europace     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Affiliation:
1Department of Medical Physiology, Division Heart & Lungs, University Medical Center Utrecht, Yalelaan 50, 3584 CM Utrecht, The Netherlands.
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