Document Detail


Ventricular dysphonia: a profile of 40 cases.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  1405994     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Ventricular dysphonia is a poorly understood disorder involving ventricular fold participation during phonation. A population of ventricular dysphonia patients was evaluated using phonatory function studies such as laryngovideostroboscopy, advanced acoustic analysis, and electroglottography to identify shared epidemiologic characteristics and to discuss possible neuromuscular mechanisms and causes. Forty patients with ventricular dysphonia were studied and epidemiologic, acoustic, and histologic data were analyzed. In almost all cases, the authors found abnormalities affecting the glottis caused by a related medical condition. The abnormalities included true vocal cord (TVC) aperiodicity in 100% of the patients, TVC asymmetry in 65%, a laryngeal mass or foreign body (usually Teflon) in 35%, TVC erythema or edema in 32.5%, and TVC bowing in 22.5%. Ventricular dysphonia seems to be primarily a compensatory mechanism for glottic dysfunction. Therapy is based on identifying and correcting the underlying abnormalities. Laryngovideostroboscopy is a particularly important tool in examining chronic dysphonia.
Authors:
P G Von Doersten; K Izdebski; J C Ross; R M Cruz
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  The Laryngoscope     Volume:  102     ISSN:  0023-852X     ISO Abbreviation:  Laryngoscope     Publication Date:  1992 Nov 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1992-11-25     Completed Date:  1992-11-25     Revised Date:  2004-11-17    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8607378     Medline TA:  Laryngoscope     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  1296-301     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Department of Otolaryngology, Kaiser Permanente Medical Center, Oakland, CA 94611-5693.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adult
Aged
Aged, 80 and over
California / epidemiology
Diagnosis, Computer-Assisted
Electrodiagnosis
Female
Glottis / physiopathology
Humans
Male
Middle Aged
Otolaryngology
Referral and Consultation
Sound Spectrography
Speech Acoustics
Video Recording
Voice Disorders / diagnosis,  epidemiology*,  pathology

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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