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Ventricular Torsion and Untwisting: Further Insights into Mechanics and Timing Interdependence: A Viewpoint.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  21843256     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Ventricular torsion and untwisting are essential for normal ventricular function and their mechanisms are related to the temporal responses of the helical and circular muscle fibers that comprise cardiac architecture. Explanation of the presystolic isovolumic contraction (IVC) period is essential for analysis of these interactions. Structural and imaging studies by magnetic resonance, speckle tracking, velocity vector encoding, and sonomicrometer crystals are described to define why and how different muscular components contract asynchronously. Mechanical and functional relationships are described for pre-systolic IVC, torsion, postejection isovolumic interval, and rapid and slow filling. Circular fibers dominate to cause pre- and posttwisting global counterclockwise and clockwise movement, and helical fibers govern torsion whereby the base rotates clockwise and apex counterclockwise; untwisting cannot begin until torsion is completed. Prolonged torsion extends into the postejection isovolumic interval and delays untwisting, and is caused by prolonged contraction of the right-handed helical arm or descending segment of the helical ventricular myocardial band that narrows the ∼80 ms "timing hiatus" between end of shortening of the descending and the ascending segment or left-handed arm of the helical muscle. Longer torsion duration by this mechanism becomes the common theme for unbalanced torsion and untwisting in diastolic dysfunction, physiological, structural, and electrical disease processes, whose management may be guided by changing the interconnected reasons for these adverse mechanical and timing factors. (Echocardiography 2011;28:782-804).
Authors:
Gerald Buckberg; Julien I E Hoffman; Navin C Nanda; Cecil Coghlan; Saleh Saleh; Constantine Athanasuleas
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Echocardiography (Mount Kisco, N.Y.)     Volume:  28     ISSN:  1540-8175     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2011 Aug 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-8-16     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8511187     Medline TA:  Echocardiography     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  782-804     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
© 2011, Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
Affiliation:
Department of Cardiothoracic Surgery, David Geffen School of Medicine, University of California-Los Angeles, Los Angeles, California Department of Pediatrics, University of California, San Francisco, California Division of Cardiovascular Disease, University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, Alabama Department of Medicine, David Geffen School of Medicine, University of California-Los Angeles, Los Angeles, California Division of Cardiothoracic Surgery, University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, Alabama.
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