Document Detail


Ventilatory threshold and mechanical efficiency in endurance runners.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  2737189     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
In order to evaluate changes in parameters at the ventilatory threshold (VT) and in mechanical efficiency (ME) during training in the years 1982 and 1983 we tested seven top-class endurance runners on a treadmill. The VT and ME were assessed during their training period (January 1982 and 1983) and during their competitive period (March and July 1982). The maximal functional variables were almost constant during the training year, the maximal change in VO2max being about 5%. Similarly, VO2 at the VT was almost constant; the maximal change in VO2 at VT was also about 5%. Substantially greater changes, about 10%, were recorded in the velocity of running at the VT, at which the maximum was attained in July (18.9 +/- 0.8 km.h-1 or 5.25 +/- 0.22 m.s-1); this value was significantly higher than values assessed during the remaining tests. The greatest change, about 23%, during the training year was found in ME, for which the maximum was attained in July (35.7% +/- 2.1%). This was not significantly different from the value recorded in March (34.5% +/- 3.3%), but both values were significantly higher than those recorded during the training period. We can therefore conclude that in highly trained endurance runners the times needed to attain the optimal conditions for sports performance differ from the point of view of special speed training and from the point of view of mechanical-metabolic readiness.
Authors:
V Bunc; J Heller; P Moravec; S Sprynarová
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  European journal of applied physiology and occupational physiology     Volume:  58     ISSN:  0301-5548     ISO Abbreviation:  Eur J Appl Physiol Occup Physiol     Publication Date:  1989  
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1989-08-09     Completed Date:  1989-08-09     Revised Date:  2004-11-17    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0410266     Medline TA:  Eur J Appl Physiol Occup Physiol     Country:  GERMANY, WEST    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  693-8     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Physical Culture Research Institute, Charles University, Prague, Czechoslovakia.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adult
Efficiency*
Humans
Physical Education and Training*
Physical Endurance*
Respiration*
Running*

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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