Document Detail


Ventilatory responses to dead space and CO2 breathing under inspiratory resistive load.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  7759425     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
To investigate how breathing is controlled during CO2 stimulation, steady-state ventilatory responses to rebreathing through a tube (DS) and inspiring a fixed PCO2 (INH) were compared in healthy human subjects. Tests were performed in hyperoxia with (IRL) and without (NL) an inspiratory resistive load (15 cmH2O.l-1.s at 1 l/s). The mean slope of the minute ventilation (VE)-end-tidal PCO2 relationship was significantly higher in DS-IRL than in INH-IRL [1.86 +/- 0.67 (SD) vs. 1.40 +/- 0.32 l.min-1.Torr-1, P < 0.01], and it was significantly different between INH-NL and INH-IRL (1.64 +/- 0.41 vs. 1.40 +/- 0.32 l.min-1.Torr-1, P < 0.05) but not between DS-NL and DS-IRL (1.85 +/- 0.72 vs. 1.86 +/- 0.67 l.min-1.Torr-1). The slope of the VE-tidal volume relationship was significantly lower in DS-NL than in INH-NL (19.6 +/- 3.8 vs. 21.2 +/- 5.1 min-1, P < 0.05), but other comparisons in breathing pattern between NL and IRL and between DS and INH failed to reach significance. We concluded that 1) alterations in alveolar PCO2 temporal profile by DS could induce changes in VE-end-tidal PCO2 sensitivity and ventilatory pattern, 2) these changes may be modified by increased mechanical impairment resulting from IRL, and 3) carotid chemoreceptor mediation is not necessary for the observed effects of DS.
Authors:
D A Sidney; C S Poon
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Clinical Trial; Journal Article; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of applied physiology (Bethesda, Md. : 1985)     Volume:  78     ISSN:  8750-7587     ISO Abbreviation:  J. Appl. Physiol.     Publication Date:  1995 Feb 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1995-06-29     Completed Date:  1995-06-29     Revised Date:  2013-09-26    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8502536     Medline TA:  J Appl Physiol (1985)     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  555-61     Citation Subset:  IM; S    
Affiliation:
Harvard-Massachusetts Institute of Technology Division of Health Sciences and Technology, Cambridge 02139, USA.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adult
Airway Resistance / physiology
Carbon Dioxide / pharmacology*
Exercise / physiology
Humans
Hypercapnia / physiopathology
Respiration, Artificial
Respiratory Dead Space / physiology*
Respiratory Function Tests
Respiratory Mechanics / drug effects,  physiology*
Grant Support
ID/Acronym/Agency:
HL-30794/HL/NHLBI NIH HHS; HL-45261/HL/NHLBI NIH HHS
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
124-38-9/Carbon Dioxide

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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