Document Detail


Ventilatory endurance in athletes: a family study.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  7107101     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Endurance athletes possess superior ability to sustain high ventilation. However, it remains unknown if this high ventilatory endurance is an effect of training. As one approach to this question, we compared the breathing endurance of eight distance runners with that of eight of their siblings who were untrained. In two separate tests involving seated isocapnic hyperpnea, the athletes had greater ability to sustain high VE than did their brothers and sisters. In the first test, VE was voluntarily incremented by 30 l/min each 4 min. Before exhaustion, the athletes reached a VE that was a significantly greater fraction of their 12-s maximal voluntary ventilation than did the untrained siblings (75 vs. 62%; P less than 0.01). In the second test, 80% of the 12-s MVV was sustained until exhaustion. Endurance times for the athletes doubled those of the untrained siblings (7 vs. 3 min; P less than 0.05). The failure of elevated ventilatory endurance to occur in family clusters suggests that it may primarily result from training.
Authors:
B J Martin; H I Chen
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.    
Journal Detail:
Title:  International journal of sports medicine     Volume:  3     ISSN:  0172-4622     ISO Abbreviation:  Int J Sports Med     Publication Date:  1982 May 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1982-10-12     Completed Date:  1982-10-12     Revised Date:  2007-11-14    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8008349     Medline TA:  Int J Sports Med     Country:  GERMANY, WEST    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  100-4     Citation Subset:  IM    
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adolescent
Adult
Child
Female
Genetics
Humans
Lung Volume Measurements*
Male
Maximal Voluntary Ventilation
Muscles / physiology
Oxygen Consumption
Physical Education and Training
Running
Sports Medicine*
Vital Capacity
Grant Support
ID/Acronym/Agency:
HL 26352-01/HL/NHLBI NIH HHS

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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