Document Detail


Ventilator discontinuation protocols.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23013902     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Data-Review    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Mechanical ventilation is a life-saving supportive therapy, but it can also cause lung injury, diaphragmatic dysfunction, and lung infection. Ventilator liberation should be attempted as soon as clinically indicated, to minimize morbidity and mortality. The most effective method of liberation follows a systematic approach that includes a daily assessment of weaning readiness, in conjunction with interruption of sedation infusions and spontaneous breathing trials. Protocols and checklists are decision support tools that help ensure consistent application of key elements of evidence-based practice. A majority of studies of weaning protocols applied by non-physician healthcare providers suggest faster weaning and shorter duration of ventilation and ICU stay, and some suggest reduced failed extubation and ventilator-associated pneumonia rates. Checklists can be used to reinforce application of the protocol, or possibly in lieu of one, particularly in environments where the caregiver-to-patient ratio is high and clinicians are well versed in and dedicated to applying evidence-based care. There is support for integrating best-evidence rules for weaning into the mechanical ventilator so that a substantial portion of the weaning process can be automated, which may be most effective in environments with low caregiver-to-patient ratios or those in which it is challenging to consistently apply evidence-based care. This paper reviews evidence for ventilator liberation protocols and discusses issues of implementation and ongoing monitoring.
Authors:
Carl F Haas; Paul S Loik
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Respiratory care     Volume:  57     ISSN:  0020-1324     ISO Abbreviation:  Respir Care     Publication Date:  2012 Oct 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-09-27     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7510357     Medline TA:  Respir Care     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  1649-62     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Adult Respiratory Care Department, University of Michigan Health System, Ann Arbor Michigan, USA.
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