Document Detail

Venous thromboembolism during hip plaster cast immobilisation: Review of the literature.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  24457434     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Data-Review    
Introduction: There is a paucity of data regarding the risk of deep vein thrombosis during hip plaster cast immobilisation. The purpose of this article was to review the available evidence regarding the incidence of symptomatic venous thromboembolism (VTE) during hip plaster cast immobilisation. Methods and Materials: All papers describing hip plaster cast immobilisation published in the English literature retrieved from PubMed, EMBASE and the Cochrane database were reviewed. Articles regarding children, hip dysplasia, congenital hip dislocation and Legg-Calvé-Perthes were excluded. A total of three papers were available for analysis. We also describe a case of pulmonary embolism during hip cast immobilisation. Results: The overall incidence of symptomatic VTE during hip plaster cast immobilisation was 0% in 343 patients. The incidence of symptomatic VTE in hip cast brace was 2.3% (range 0-3%). Discussion: Our systematic review of the literature showed a paucity of data regarding the incidence of VTE during hip plaster cast immobilisation. We describe the first case of pulmonary embolism during hip plaster cast immobilisation. We recommend that patients who are fitted with a hip plaster cast should be routinely screened for additional risk factors. When risk factors are present, patients should be considered for pharmacological thromboprophylaxis.
M C Struijk-Mulder; H B Ettema; R A J Heyne; J J Rondhuis; H R Büller; C C P M Verheyen
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  The Netherlands journal of medicine     Volume:  72     ISSN:  1872-9061     ISO Abbreviation:  Neth J Med     Publication Date:  2014 Jan 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2014-01-24     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0356133     Medline TA:  Neth J Med     Country:  Netherlands    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  17-9     Citation Subset:  IM    
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