Document Detail

Venous complications after insertion of a transvenous pacemaker.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  1545594     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
We reviewed the incidence, clinical features, current diagnostic evaluations, and treatments of venous complications that can occur after implantation of a transvenous pacemaker. Of the approximately 80 published articles on the potential venous complications after implantation of a permanent transvenous pacemaker, we selected 63 that addressed the clinical features, diagnosis, and treatment of pacemaker lead-induced venous thrombosis, which occurs in approximately 30 to 45% of patients early or late after implantation of a transvenous pacemaker. Most patients with chronic deep venous thrombosis remain asymptomatic because of the development of an adequate venous collateral circulation. Clinical features of pacemaker lead-induced deep venous thrombosis, although rare, are easily recognized. They should be sought routinely during follow-up of all patients with transvenous pacemaker leads because venous obstruction can interfere with intravenously administered therapy, monitoring of central venous pressure, and revision of a pacemaker lead. Acute deep venous thrombosis is likely to be symptomatic. Early recognition and treatment of acute deep venous thrombosis may help to decrease the potential morbidity and mortality. The definitive diagnosis of pacemaker lead-induced venous thrombosis necessitates contrast-enhanced or digital subtraction venography. Management includes anticoagulation, thrombolytic therapy, surgical intervention, and, recently, percutaneous transluminal balloon venoplasty and depends on the duration, extent, and site of venous occlusion as well as the accompanying symptoms.
P C Spittell; D L Hayes
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Review    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Mayo Clinic proceedings     Volume:  67     ISSN:  0025-6196     ISO Abbreviation:  Mayo Clin. Proc.     Publication Date:  1992 Mar 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1992-04-13     Completed Date:  1992-04-13     Revised Date:  2013-12-13    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0405543     Medline TA:  Mayo Clin Proc     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  258-65     Citation Subset:  AIM; IM    
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MeSH Terms
Cardiac Pacing, Artificial / adverse effects*
Pacemaker, Artificial*
Postoperative Complications / etiology
Thrombosis / diagnosis,  etiology*,  therapy

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