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Venous gangrene a rare but dreadful complication of deep venous thrombosis.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  20699257     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Data-Review    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Venous gangrene is a rare complication of deep venous thrombosis. It is certain from review of literature that there is a significant causative relationship between malignant disease and venous gangrene. Data from the National hospital discharge survey from 1979 to 2006 showed that 0.43% of patients with deep venous thrombosis had gangrene, while 1.39% patients with gangrene had deep venous thrombosis. Toes and fingers are frequent site of venous gangrene in patients with massive deep venous thrombosis, as evident by review of literature. A possible explanation for this occurrence can be the fact that because of the scarcity of subcutaneous fat and the small spaces of fingers and toes, massive edema can generate large compressive forces; these forces may have a compressive effect on the arterioles, which may contribute to the development of venous gangrene. Lower extremities develop venous gangrene more commonly than upper extremities. The condition has an extremely high rate of mortality either from pulmonary embolism or from the serious underlying disease, such as neoplasms.
Authors:
Muzammil H Musani; Muhammad Anis Musani; Mary A Verardi
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article     Date:  2010-08-10
Journal Detail:
Title:  Clinical and applied thrombosis/hemostasis : official journal of the International Academy of Clinical and Applied Thrombosis/Hemostasis     Volume:  17     ISSN:  1938-2723     ISO Abbreviation:  Clin. Appl. Thromb. Hemost.     Publication Date:  2011 Nov 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-02-20     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9508125     Medline TA:  Clin Appl Thromb Hemost     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  E1-3     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
1 Department of Internal Medicine, St. Joseph Mercy Oakland, Pontiac, MI, USA.
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