Document Detail

Venous Doppler ultrasound in 146 fetuses with congenital heart disease.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  14528468     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
OBJECTIVE: To assess the influence of isolated congenital heart disease (CHD) on fetal venous Doppler blood flow velocity waveforms. METHODS: Doppler flow velocimetry was performed in the inferior vena cava and ductus venosus in 146 consecutive fetuses with antenatally diagnosed CHD. Gestational age ranged between 19 and 39 weeks. Fetuses with isolated CHD without non-immune hydrops fetalis (NIHF) (Group A, n = 89) were separated from seven fetuses showing isolated CHD with NIHF (Group B) and 50 cases complicated by chromosomal or other extracardiac malformations, intrauterine growth restriction or non-cardiogenic NIHF (Group C). The control group comprised 109 healthy fetuses of uncomplicated pregnancies. Individual peak velocity index for veins (PVIV) measurements were converted into their Z-scores (delta values) for statistical analysis. RESULTS: There was no statistical difference between fetuses with isolated CHD (Group A) and controls, for the delta PVIV of neither the ductus venosus nor the inferior vena cava. Statistical analysis revealed significant differences between non-isolated CHD fetuses (Group C) and controls for both vessels. However, in a separate analysis of isolated right heart malformations compared with the remaining isolated heart malformations (Groups A and B), a significant difference was observed for the ductus venosus, but not the inferior vena cava. There was an overall survival of 62%. In Group A, 58% of fetuses survived despite increased PVIV and 22% of fetuses with normal venous Doppler had an adverse outcome. All fetuses with cardiogenic NIHF (Group B) died. CONCLUSION: Doppler studies of the ductus venosus and inferior vena cava in fetuses with isolated CHD do not present sufficient alterations to be a reliable marker for screening purposes for CHD in mid-second- and third-trimester fetuses. Furthermore, venous Doppler did not predict fetal outcome in cases of isolated CHD. Abnormal venous Doppler results were mainly attributable to myocardial dysfunction and also to severe right heart obstruction even in the absence of congestive heart failure. Therefore, venous Doppler studies are clinically helpful in indirectly monitoring cardiac function in fetuses with cardiac malformations.
U Gembruch; C Meise; U Germer; C Berg; A Geipel
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Ultrasound in obstetrics & gynecology : the official journal of the International Society of Ultrasound in Obstetrics and Gynecology     Volume:  22     ISSN:  0960-7692     ISO Abbreviation:  Ultrasound Obstet Gynecol     Publication Date:  2003 Oct 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2003-10-06     Completed Date:  2004-02-05     Revised Date:  2004-11-17    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9108340     Medline TA:  Ultrasound Obstet Gynecol     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  345-50     Citation Subset:  IM    
Copyright Information:
Copyright 2003 ISUOG. Published by John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
Department of Obstetrics and Prenatal Medicine, University of Bonn, Bonn, Germany.
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MeSH Terms
Blood Flow Velocity / physiology
Gestational Age
Heart Defects, Congenital / physiopathology,  ultrasonography*
Ultrasonography, Doppler / methods*
Ultrasonography, Prenatal / methods*
Vena Cava, Inferior / physiology

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