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Venlafaxine-induced Cholestatic Hepatitis: Case Report and Review of Literature.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23073329     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Data-Review    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Venlafaxine is a widely used antidepressant with relatively low occurrence of adverse side effects. Increasing evidence suggests that venlafaxine may cause severe liver damage. Until now, 10 cases of venlafaxine-related liver injuries have been reported. We describe a case of a 39-year-old woman who developed cholestatic hepatitis after intake of venlafaxine. The patient had taken low-dose venlafaxine (75 mg/d) for 2.5 years. Three months before admission to the hospital, the venlafaxine dosage had been increased to 300 mg/d because of severe depression. Laboratory findings revealed elevated serum transaminases (aspartate aminotransferase 1033 U/L; alanine aminotransferase 2063 U/L), alkaline phosphatase (274 U/L), γ-glutamyltransferase (284 U/L), and serum bilirubin (4.6 mg/dL). Liver biopsy showed cholestatic hepatitis predominantly involving zone 3 of hepatic acini and a mixed portal inflammatory infiltrate along with eosinophils. Symptoms rapidly resolved after cessation of venlafaxine and administration of corticosteroid. The present paper describes detailed clinicohistopathologic characteristics of venlafaxine-associated cholestatic hepatitis and provides a comprehensive summary of prior case reports.
Authors:
Sylvia Stadlmann; Susanne Portmann; Stefan Tschopp; Luigi M Terracciano
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  The American journal of surgical pathology     Volume:  36     ISSN:  1532-0979     ISO Abbreviation:  Am. J. Surg. Pathol.     Publication Date:  2012 Nov 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-10-17     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7707904     Medline TA:  Am J Surg Pathol     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  1724-8     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
*Institute of Pathology †Department of Internal Medicine, Division of Gastroenterology, Kantonsspital Baden, Baden ‡Institute of Pathology, University Hospital of Basel, Basel, Switzerland.
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