Document Detail


Velocity of isokinetic trunk exercises influences back muscle recruitment patterns in healthy subjects.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23219215     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Isokinetic exercises at different angular velocities on Cybex devices are often used for assessment and therapy in chronic low back pain patients. Little is known about the effect of velocity of movement on the muscle activity during these exercises. The purpose of this study was to investigate both relative muscle activity and ratios of local to global muscle activity at the different velocities of isokinetic movements on a Cybex dynamometer. Fifty-three healthy employees of Belgian Defence (26 male and 27 female) aged between 20 and 57years old voluntarily performed isometric and isokinetic exercises at four different velocities. Surface electromyographic signals of different abdominal and back muscles were recorded on both sides. Both the relative muscle activity and the local to global muscle activity ratio of the back muscles were affected by changes in velocities of isokinetic exercises. The global muscle system was more influenced by changes in velocity, than the local muscle system. Abdominal relative muscle activity and ratios were not influenced by velocity of movement. This study revealed that the velocity of isokinetic extension exercises influences the recruitment of the back muscles, meaning that protocols of training programs should be adapted in function of the focus of the therapy.
Authors:
Benedicte B L Van Damme; Veerle K Stevens; Damien E Van Tiggelen; Nathalie N P Duvigneaud; Ellen Neyens; Lieven A Danneels
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2012-12-6
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of electromyography and kinesiology : official journal of the International Society of Electrophysiological Kinesiology     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1873-5711     ISO Abbreviation:  J Electromyogr Kinesiol     Publication Date:  2012 Dec 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-12-10     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9109125     Medline TA:  J Electromyogr Kinesiol     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2012 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Affiliation:
Department of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation, Military Hospital Queen Astrid, Brussels, Belgium; Department of Rehabilitation Sciences and Physiotherapy, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, Ghent University, Ghent, Belgium. Electronic address: Benedicte.VanDamme@mil.be.
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