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Veins of the thoracic limb of the Van cat.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  12797534     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
The drainage of the thoracic limb of the Van cat was performed by the superficial and deep vein systems. The superficial system was constituted by the cephalic vein and its branches. The deep vein system was constituted by the axillary vein and its branches. The two vein systems anastomosed with each other at various points along their courses. The cephalic vein emerged from the external jugular vein together with the superficial cervical vein. The axillary vein continued the subclavian vein. It ran caudoventrally and gave off the subscapular vein, at the level of the shoulder joint, then gave off two independent branches, which were the external thoracic veins. Then the rest of the vessel continued as the brachial vein. The thoracodorsal vein was formed by the communicate ramus vein which arose between the subscapular vein and the brachial vein. The cranial circumflex humeral vein arose double from the subscapular vein. One of them anastomosed with the deep brachial vein and the other one drained the biceps and the deep pectoral muscles. The cranial interosseous vein from the caudal aspects of the brachial vein and passed the interosseous space of the antebrachium then ran to the lateral aspect of the forearm. The caudal interosseous vein arose from the ulnar vein (in two specimens) and the median vein together with the ulnar vein (in two specimens) or independently from the median vein (in one specimen). Although many similarities were found in the veins of the thoracic limb of the Van cat as compared with the domestic cat, some significant differences were noted in the origin, course, anastomosing and ramification of veins of the thoracic limb.
Z Ozüdoğru; G Aksoy; Z Soygüder; E Ozmen
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Anatomia, histologia, embryologia     Volume:  32     ISSN:  0340-2096     ISO Abbreviation:  Anat Histol Embryol     Publication Date:  2003 Apr 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2003-06-11     Completed Date:  2003-07-28     Revised Date:  2003-11-14    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7704218     Medline TA:  Anat Histol Embryol     Country:  Germany    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  116-23     Citation Subset:  IM    
Yüzüncü Yil Universitesi, Veteriner Fakültesi, Anatomi Anabilim Dali, Van, Turkey.
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MeSH Terms
Axillary Vein / anatomy & histology
Brachiocephalic Veins / anatomy & histology
Cats / anatomy & histology*
Forelimb / blood supply*
Jugular Veins / anatomy & histology

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