Document Detail

Vegetarian and weight-loss diets among young adults.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  10757198     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
OBJECTIVE: Young adults frequently experiment with vegetarian and weight-loss diets. Comparisons of their experiences on these two different diets may help in the development of approaches to improve long-term adherence to weight-loss regimens. In the current study vegetarian and weight-loss diets were compared on how long and how strictly they were followed, and reasons why they were initiated and discontinued. RESEARCH METHODS AND PROCEDURES: From 428 college students surveyed, four groups were delineated: 1) 59 participants had been following a vegetarian diet but not a weight-loss diet (Vegetarian), 2) 117 participants had tried a weight-loss diet but not a vegetarian diet (Weight Loss), 3) 133 participants had followed both a vegetarian and a weight-loss diet (Both), and 4) 119 participants had not tried either diet (Neither). RESULTS: Differences were examined by comparing the Vegetarian and Weight-Loss groups as well as by comparing the two diets within the Both group. Duration of the vegetarian diet was much greater than the weight-loss diet; most participants in the Vegetarian group (62%) remained on their diet for more than 1 year, whereas the majority of the Weight-Loss participants (61%) followed their diet for 1 to 3 months. Similar results were found when comparing the two diets within the Both group. How strictly the two diets were followed, however, did not differ. Analyses revealed that reasons for discontinuing a diet varied; participants were more likely to cite boredom as a reason for discontinuing a weight-loss diet than a vegetarian diet (53% vs. 5% between groups and 30% vs. 10% within the Both group). DISCUSSION: The longer duration of the vegetarian diet relative to the weight-loss diet warrants further investigation. Results could possibly be applied to behavioral weight-loss treatment to improve long-term maintenance.
C F Smith; L E Burke; R R Wing
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Comparative Study; Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Obesity research     Volume:  8     ISSN:  1071-7323     ISO Abbreviation:  Obes. Res.     Publication Date:  2000 Mar 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2000-05-18     Completed Date:  2000-05-18     Revised Date:  2006-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9305691     Medline TA:  Obes Res     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  123-9     Citation Subset:  IM    
University of Pittsburgh Medical Center, Western Psychiatric Institute and Clinic, Pennsylvania 15213, USA.
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MeSH Terms
Body Mass Index
Diet, Reducing
Diet, Vegetarian*
Time Factors
Weight Loss*

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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