Document Detail

Vection in Patients with Glaucoma.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  24681830     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
PURPOSE: Large moving scenes can induce a sensation of self-motion in stationary observers. This illusion is called "vection." Glaucoma progressively affects the functioning of peripheral vision, which plays an important role in inducing vection. It is still not known whether vection can be induced in these patients and, if it can, whether the interaction between visual and vestibular inputs is solved appropriately. The aim of this study was to investigate vection responses in patients with mild to moderate open-angle glaucoma.
METHODS: Fifteen patients with mild to moderate glaucoma and 15 age-matched controls were exposed to a random-dot pattern at a short viewing distance and in a dark room. The pattern was projected on a large screen and rotated clockwise with an angular speed of 45 degrees per second to induce a sensation of self-rotation. Vection latency, vection duration, and objective and subjective measures of tilt were obtained in three viewing conditions (binocular, and monocular with each eye). Each condition lasted 2 minutes.
RESULTS: Patients with glaucoma had longer vection latencies (p = 0.005) than, but the same vection duration as, age-matched controls. Viewing condition did not affect vection responses for either group. The control group estimated the tilt angle as being significantly larger than the actual maximum tilt angle measured with the tilt sensor (p = 0.038). There was no relationship between vection measures and visual field sensitivity for the glaucoma group.
CONCLUSIONS: These findings suggest that, despite an altered visual input that delays vection, the neural responses involved in canceling the illusion of self-motion remain intact in patients with mild peripheral visual field loss.
Luminita Tarita-Nistor; Shahriar Hadavi; Martin J Steinbach; Samuel N Markowitz; Esther G González
Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2014-3-27
Journal Detail:
Title:  Optometry and vision science : official publication of the American Academy of Optometry     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1538-9235     ISO Abbreviation:  Optom Vis Sci     Publication Date:  2014 Mar 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2014-3-31     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8904931     Medline TA:  Optom Vis Sci     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
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From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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