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Vaspin gene in rat adipose tissue: relation to obesity-induced insulin resistance.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23135683     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Visceral adipose fat has been claimed to be the link between obesity and insulin resistance through the released adipokines. This study aimed to assess the expression of vaspin as one of the recent adipokines in rats abdominal subcutaneous and visceral fat in diet-induced obese (DIO) and in DIO performing 3 weeks swimming exercise (DIO + EXE) compared to control and control + exercise (C + EXE) groups. Vaspin mRNA and protein expression assessed using RT-PCR and Western blotting analysis revealed vaspin expression in DIO and DIO + EXE but not in controls groups. In DIO group, visceral vaspin expression was higher than in that of subcutaneous fat and was positively correlated with body weight. Upregulation of visceral vaspin expression in DIO was concomitant with the development of insulin resistance (increase in fasting serum insulin and HOMA-IR) and rise in serum leptin level. Unchanged visceral vaspin mRNA in DIO + EXE rats, with significant improvements of insulin resistance parameters and serum leptin compared to DIO group was found. In conclusion, increased visceral vaspin expression in obesity was associated with insulin resistance. Further investigations into the molecular links between vaspin and obesity may unravel innovative therapeutic strategies in people affected by obesity-linked insulin resistance, metabolic syndrome, and type 2 diabetes.
Authors:
Olfat G Shaker; Nermin Abdel Hamid Sadik
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2012-11-8
Journal Detail:
Title:  Molecular and cellular biochemistry     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1573-4919     ISO Abbreviation:  Mol. Cell. Biochem.     Publication Date:  2012 Nov 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-11-8     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0364456     Medline TA:  Mol Cell Biochem     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Affiliation:
Medical Biochemistry and Molecular Biology Department, Faculty of Medicine, Cairo University, Cairo, Egypt.
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