Document Detail

Vasospasm post pituitary surgery: systematic review and 3 case presentations.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23041396     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Data-Review    
Background: Vasospasm is a known complication of aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage and is a major cause of neurological morbidity and mortality. It is infrequently associated with pituitary adenoma surgery. We report three cases and present a systematic review of the literature with a view towards guiding neurosurgeons in the prevention and management of this complication. Results: Including our experience, vasospasm complicating pituitary adenoma surgery has been documented in 29 patients (mean age of 45). All cases occurred in the setting of a postoperative hemorrhage: 21 had a subarachnoid hemorrhage and 10 had a postoperative hematoma requiring evacuation. Initial clinical appearance of delayed cerebral ischemia attributable to vasospasm occurred from postoperative Days 2-13 (most commonly Day 5). Digital subtraction angiography and medical management were the most common diagnostic and therapeutic strategies, respectively. Glasgow Outcome Scores were ≤3 in 59% of cases. Univariate logistic regression identified later diagnosis of vasospasm and surgery for hematoma evacuation to be independently associated with better outcomes. Conclusion: Vasospasm should be considered in the differential diagnosis of patients demonstrating altered mental or neurological status following pituitary surgery, particularly if there has been postoperative hemorrhage of any degree. Prompt treatment should be instituted to optimize outcome.
Alireza Mansouri; Aria Fallah; Michael D Cusimano; Sunit Das
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  The Canadian journal of neurological sciences. Le journal canadien des sciences neurologiques     Volume:  39     ISSN:  0317-1671     ISO Abbreviation:  Can J Neurol Sci     Publication Date:  2012 Nov 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-10-08     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0415227     Medline TA:  Can J Neurol Sci     Country:  Canada    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  767-73     Citation Subset:  IM    
Division of Neurosurgery, University of Toronto.
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