Document Detail

Vasodilator reserve in respiratory muscles during maximal exertion in ponies.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  3710976     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Eight healthy adult grade ponies were studied at rest as well as during maximal exertion carried out with and without adenosine infusion (3 microM X kg-1 X min-1 into the pulmonary artery) on a treadmill to compare levels of blood flow in respiratory muscles with those in other vigorously working muscles and to ascertain whether there remained any unutilized vasodilator reserve in respiratory muscles of maximally exercising ponies. Radionuclide-labeled 15-micron-diam microspheres, injected into the left ventricle, were used to study tissue blood flows. During maximal exertion, there were increases above base-line values in heart rate (336%), mean aortic pressure (41%), cardiac output (722%), and arterial O2 content (56%). The whole-body O2 consumption was 123 +/- 11 ml X min-1 X kg-1, and the stride/respiratory frequency of the galloping ponies was 138 +/- 4/min. With adenosine infusion during maximal exertion, mean aortic pressure decreased (P less than 0.05), but none of the above variables was different from maximal exercise alone. During maximal exertion, blood flow in the adrenal glands, myocardium, respiratory, and limb muscles increased, whereas that in the kidneys decreased and the cerebral perfusion remained unaltered. With adenosine infusion during maximal exercise, renal vasoconstriction intensified, whereas adrenal and coronary beds exhibited further vasodilatation. During maximal exertion, blood flow in the equine diaphragm (265 +/- 36 ml X min-1 X 100 g-1) was not different from that in the gluteus medius (253 +/- 36) and biceps femoris (233 +/- 29); both are principal muscles of propulsion in the equine subjects) or the triceps brachii (227 +/- 26) muscles.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)
M Manohar
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of applied physiology (Bethesda, Md. : 1985)     Volume:  60     ISSN:  8750-7587     ISO Abbreviation:  J. Appl. Physiol.     Publication Date:  1986 May 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1986-07-08     Completed Date:  1986-07-08     Revised Date:  2013-09-26    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8502536     Medline TA:  J Appl Physiol (1985)     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  1571-7     Citation Subset:  IM    
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MeSH Terms
Adenosine / pharmacology
Diaphragm / blood supply,  physiology
Horses / physiology
Intercostal Muscles / blood supply,  physiology
Muscle, Smooth / blood supply*,  physiology
Physical Exertion*
Regional Blood Flow / drug effects
Vascular Resistance / drug effects
Work of Breathing*
Reg. No./Substance:

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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