Document Detail


Vasoactive intestinal polypeptide facilitates atrioventricular nodal conduction and shortens atrial and ventricular refractory periods in conscious and anesthetized dogs.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  2245498     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Our study was designed to determine the cardiac electrophysiological influence of vasoactive intestinal polypeptide (VIP) in conscious dogs. Dogs (n = 8) were chronically instrumented with arterial and venous catheters, cervical vagal cooling coils, and right atrial and right ventricular bipolar epicardial pacing and recording electrodes. After autonomic blockade (10 mg/kg i.v. hexamethonium, 0.11 mg/kg i.v. atropine, and vagal cold blockade), VIP (50 and 100 pmol/kg/min i.v.) or isoproterenol (ISO) (250 and 500 pmol/kg/min i.v.) increased heart rate (maximum increases: VIP, 81.1 +/- 4.2 beats/min; ISO, 61.3 +/- 8.5 beats/min), decreased the atrial-ventricular interval (during constant atrial pacing) (VIP, -41.9 +/- 6.3 msec; ISO, -34.6 +/- 7.4 msec), shortened the atrial effective refractory period (VIP, -24.4 +/- 2.1 msec; ISO, -30.6 +/- 4.4 msec) and ventricular effective refractory period (VIP, -4.2 +/- 0.7 msec; ISO, -10.0 +/- 2.4 msec), and decreased mean arterial pressure (VIP, -51.9 +/- 4.0 mm Hg; ISO, -26.1 +/- 2.4 mm Hg). beta-Adrenergic blockade with propranolol (1 mg/kg i.v.) eliminated the positive chronotropic and atrioventricular nodal dromotropic responses to bolus doses of ISO (30, 100, 300, and 1,000 pmol/kg i.v.) but did not affect the responses to VIP (10, 30, 100, and 300 pmol/kg i.v.). Comparable blood pressure decreases produced by sodium nitroprusside caused only minimal changes in heart rate, atrial-ventricular conduction times, and atrial and ventricular refractory periods. In three additional anesthetized dogs, after vagotomy and beta-adrenergic blockade (1 mg/kg i.v. propranolol), VIP (100 pmol/kg/min i.v.) shortened the atrial-His interval but did not alter intra-atrial, intraventricular, or His-Purkinje conduction. Our findings combined with the demonstration by others of VIP-immunoreactive nerves innervating canine sinus nodal cells, atrioventricular nodal cells, and atrial and ventricular myocardial cells suggest that endogenous VIP may directly alter the electrical properties of the heart.
Authors:
D F Rigel; D A Lathrop
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Comparative Study; Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Circulation research     Volume:  67     ISSN:  0009-7330     ISO Abbreviation:  Circ. Res.     Publication Date:  1990 Dec 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1991-01-07     Completed Date:  1991-01-07     Revised Date:  2008-11-21    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0047103     Medline TA:  Circ Res     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  1323-33     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Department of Pharmacology and Cell Biophysics, University of Cincinnati College of Medicine, Ohio.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Anesthesia
Animals
Atrial Function
Atrioventricular Node / drug effects*,  physiology
Autonomic Nervous System / drug effects
Blood Pressure / drug effects
Consciousness
Dogs
Electrocardiography
Female
Heart / drug effects*,  physiology
Heart Atria / drug effects
Heart Rate / drug effects
Heart Ventricles / drug effects
Hemodynamics / drug effects
Isoproterenol / pharmacology
Male
Refractory Period, Electrophysiological / drug effects
Vasoactive Intestinal Peptide / pharmacology*,  physiology
Ventricular Function
Grant Support
ID/Acronym/Agency:
R01 HL-37034-01A1/HL/NHLBI NIH HHS; S07 RR 05408-26/RR/NCRR NIH HHS
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
37221-79-7/Vasoactive Intestinal Peptide; 7683-59-2/Isoproterenol

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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