Document Detail

Vascularised greater trochanter bone graft, combined free iliac flap and impaction bone grafting for osteonecrosis of the femoral head.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23340673     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
PURPOSE: To investigate the curative efficacy of osteonecrosis of the femoral head (ONFH) in a hip-preserving operative approach, by grafting a vascularized greater trochanter flap combined with a free iliac flap, in an attempt to seek an innovative approach for patients who suffered middle to late stage ONFH without total hip arthroplasty (THA) surgery.
METHOD: Our research included a total of 60 patients (66 hips) who accepted hip-preserving surgery by grafting a vascularized greater trochanter flap combined with a free iliac flap which was tightly filled by hammering because of ONFH (most were Association Research Circulation Osseous (ARCO) stage III patients) from January, 2006 to December, 2010. A Harris Hip Score was obtained during follow-ups, evaluating the clinical efficacy, X-rays were taken regularly for image assessing, and the SF-36 scale was used for estimating quality of life. Terminal observation time was considered when patients had symptom-dependant indications for performing another hip-preserving surgery or THA surgery.
RESULTS: Fifty-eight patients (64 hips) were eventually contacted by telephone for an out-patient clinic return visit, with a mean follow-up time of 35.8 months (varied from 12 months to 60 months), but two patients lost contact for various reasons. The demographic data were as follows: there were 16 ARCO IIIA cases, 22 ARCO IIIB cases, and 26 ARCO IIIC cases, respectively. Postoperative X-rays revealed a well-repaired necrotic area of the femoral head and improvement of femoral-acetabulum coverage. The last follow-up mean Harris Hip Score was 86.56 ± 7.38 (excellent results reached 87.50%), which were greatly improved compared to 50.95 ± 6.86 pre-operatively. Also the postoperative mean scores of all dimensions of the SF-36 scale were improved to some extent. Additionally the physical component summary (PSC) scores were enhanced from 42 ± 13 pre-operatively to 78 ± 11, while the postoperative mental component summary (MCS) scores (76 ± 11) largely increased in contrast to pre-operative scores (51 ± 10), with both target indices having statistical significance (p = 0.005, p = 0.01), signifying hugely improvement of the quality of life of the patients. A correlation was found between Harris Hip Score and all dimensions of SF-36 scale (r = 0.32-0.72), especially closely correlated with physical functioning (PF), role-physical (RP) and bodily pain (BP) in PCS aspect (r = 0.72, p < 0.01; r = 0.58, p < 0.01; r = 0.65, p < 0.01, respectively).
CONCLUSION: There is definite curative efficacy for the treatment of ONFH with an hip-preserving operative approach by grafting a vascularized greater trochanter flap combined with a free iliac flap which was tightly filled by hammering. This kind of operative approach reconstructs the biological stability of femoral head, which promotes repair of necrotic areas and indirectly preserves the femoral head of patients and a majority of hip function. It possesses vast clinical as well as practical significance, because the long-term efficacy can satisfy fundamental life requirements, especially for those young and middle-aged patients who suffer ONFH to avoid or put off the time of total hip arthroplasty (THA) surgery.
Yi-Rong Zeng; Sheng He; Wen-Jun Feng; Fei-long Li; Jie Li; Lin-Yang Jian; Jian-Chun Zeng; Yue-Guang Fan
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article     Date:  2013-01-23
Journal Detail:
Title:  International orthopaedics     Volume:  37     ISSN:  1432-5195     ISO Abbreviation:  Int Orthop     Publication Date:  2013 Mar 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2013-02-25     Completed Date:  2013-06-28     Revised Date:  2014-03-06    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7705431     Medline TA:  Int Orthop     Country:  Germany    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  391-8     Citation Subset:  IM    
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MeSH Terms
Bone Transplantation / methods*
Femur Head Necrosis / surgery*
Free Tissue Flaps / blood supply*
Ilium / transplantation*
Middle Aged
Young Adult
Comment In:
Int Orthop. 2013 Jul;37(7):1421   [PMID:  23665655 ]

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