Document Detail

Vascular versus myocardial selectivity of calcium antagonists studied by concentration-time-effect relations.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  2442515     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
The vascular versus myocardial selectivity of three structurally different calcium antagonists, felodipine, diltiazem, and verapamil, was studied in vitro. The model used was an isolated portal vein preparation and a paced (3 Hz) papillary muscle of the left ventricle of the rat, examined in the same organ bath. In previous experiments with the same tissues, used for screening and eventual selection of felodipine, it was found that the selectivity factors ranged as follows: felodipine much greater than nifedipine greater than diltiazem greater than verapamil = La3+. Since the effect of organic calcium antagonists is slow in onset, the present experiments were designed to determine the inhibitory potencies and the selectivity factor at equilibrium. This was possible by a computer-assisted collection of contractile force measurements and subsequent analysis of the results. In each experiment, one concentration only of one of the three calcium antagonists was given. The time-effect relation was determined for both tissues. After all experiments with a particular drug, when several concentrations had been administered, the hyperbolic concentration-effect relation was determined at various times of exposure. The ensuing pIC50 values, as related to time, for the vascular and the myocardial preparations, described by monoexponential curves and the corresponding potency values (pIC50), could be determined at equilibrium (t = infinity). It was concluded that the vascular over myocardial inhibitory selectivity was marked for felodipine (103), low for diltiazem (8.9), and none for verapamil (0.92).
B Ljung; A Kjellstedt; B Orebäck
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Publication Detail:
Type:  In Vitro; Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of cardiovascular pharmacology     Volume:  10 Suppl 1     ISSN:  0160-2446     ISO Abbreviation:  J. Cardiovasc. Pharmacol.     Publication Date:  1987  
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1987-10-19     Completed Date:  1987-10-19     Revised Date:  2006-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7902492     Medline TA:  J Cardiovasc Pharmacol     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  S34-9     Citation Subset:  IM    
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MeSH Terms
Calcium Channel Blockers / administration & dosage,  pharmacology*
Diltiazem / pharmacology
Dose-Response Relationship, Drug
Muscle Contraction / drug effects*
Muscle, Smooth, Vascular / drug effects
Myocardial Contraction / drug effects*
Nitrendipine / analogs & derivatives,  pharmacology
Papillary Muscles / drug effects
Rats, Inbred Strains
Time Factors
Verapamil / pharmacology
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Calcium Channel Blockers; 39562-70-4/Nitrendipine; 42399-41-7/Diltiazem; 52-53-9/Verapamil; 72509-76-3/Felodipine

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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