Document Detail


Vascular structural and functional alterations before and after the development of hypertension in SHR.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  8179854     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
The time-course of the development of vascular and cardiac hypertrophy, as well as of arterial dysfunction, in human and experimental hypertension is still unclear. Moreover, the interrelationships between structural and functional vascular alterations are presently under debate. The aim of this study was to assess the arteriolar wall thickness and left ventricular mass as well as the vascular response to norepinephrine and acetylcholine in spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHR), before and after the development of hypertension, as compared to age-matched normotensive Wistar-Kyoto rats (WKY). Seventeen SHR (4 to 12 weeks old) and 17 WKY were included in the study. Blood pressure was measured noninvasively. After killing the animals, relative left ventricular mass (RLVM) was calculated, and mesenteric arcades were dissected and mounted on a micromyograph. Functional and structural characteristics of the vessels were measured: media thickness (MT), media/lumen ratio (M/L), and wall tension in response to norepinephrine and acetylcholine. At 4 weeks of age, no difference in blood pressure and RLVM between SHR and WKY was detected, but MT and M/L of mesenteric small resistance arteries were significantly greater in SHR. An increased response to norepinephrine was observed in terms of wall tension, but not of active media stress at the two higher norepinephrine concentrations. No difference in the dose-response curve to acetylcholine between SHR and WKY was observed. At 8 and 12 weeks of age systolic blood pressure was significantly higher in SHR; RLVM, MT, and M/L were also higher at this stage.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)
Authors:
D Rizzoni; M Castellano; E Porteri; G Bettoni; M L Muiesan; E Agabiti-Rosei
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  American journal of hypertension     Volume:  7     ISSN:  0895-7061     ISO Abbreviation:  Am. J. Hypertens.     Publication Date:  1994 Feb 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1994-06-16     Completed Date:  1994-06-16     Revised Date:  2009-02-24    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8803676     Medline TA:  Am J Hypertens     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  193-200     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Cattedra di Semeiotica e Metodologia Medica, U.O.P. Scienze Mediche, University of Brescia, Italy.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Acetylcholine / pharmacology
Aging / pathology
Animals
Arteries / pathology,  physiopathology
Blood Pressure / physiology
Blood Vessels / pathology,  physiopathology*
Cardiomegaly / pathology
Dose-Response Relationship, Drug
Endothelium, Vascular / pathology,  physiopathology
Hypertension / pathology,  physiopathology*
Myocardial Contraction / drug effects
Myocardium / pathology
Norepinephrine / pharmacology
Organ Size / physiology
Rats
Rats, Inbred SHR
Rats, Inbred WKY
Vascular Resistance / drug effects
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
51-41-2/Norepinephrine; 51-84-3/Acetylcholine

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