Document Detail

Vascular occlusion sites determine differences in lesion growth from early apparent diffusion coefficient lesion to final infarct.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  15891159     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Occlusion of major cerebral arteries is the primary source of tissue damage in ischemic stroke and the target of thrombolytic therapy. We hypothesized that large infarcts in more proximal vascular occlusions correspond with substantially increased ischemic lesions shown on initial apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC) maps. METHODS: Initial ADC lesions in 120 patients with acute ischemic stroke were analyzed within 6 hours of stroke onset. Patients were categorized on the basis of vascular occlusion, as shown on MR angiography. Lesion volumes were determined by using manual delineation (ADC(man)) and a threshold method for ADC values (<550 x 10(-9) mm(2)/s(-1), ADC(<550)). Infarct volumes were analyzed by using T2-weighted (n = 109) or CT (n = 11) images obtained on days 5-8. RESULTS: Median lesion volumes for ADC(<550), ADC(man), and infarcts, respectively, were as follows: proximal internal carotid artery (ICA)/middle cerebral artery (MCA) occlusions, 10, 23, and 32 cm(3); carotid-T occlusions, 11, 37, and 138 cm(3); MCA trunk occlusions, 11, 27, and 44 cm(3)); and MCA branch occlusions 8, 27, and 21 cm(3). Initial ADC lesion volumes were different only between the carotid T and the MCA branch (P < .05). On days 5-8, infarct volumes decreased from proximal to distal sites (P < .05), with the exception of MCA trunk versus proximal ICA/MCA occlusions. Recanalization rate in carotid-T occlusion was significantly lower than those of all other occlusion types. CONCLUSION: Initial ADC lesions can be small, even in patients with proximal vascular occlusions. These patients develop considerably large infarctions, suggesting a high potential for infarct growth. This growth might be averted with improved early recanalization of proximal vascular occlusions.
Jens Fiehler; Karina Knudsen; Götz Thomalla; Einar Goebell; Michael Rosenkranz; Cornelius Weiller; Joachim Röther; Hermann Zeumer; Thomas Kucinski
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  AJNR. American journal of neuroradiology     Volume:  26     ISSN:  0195-6108     ISO Abbreviation:  AJNR Am J Neuroradiol     Publication Date:  2005 May 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2005-05-13     Completed Date:  2006-01-27     Revised Date:  2008-02-14    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8003708     Medline TA:  AJNR Am J Neuroradiol     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  1056-61     Citation Subset:  IM    
Department of Neuroradiology, University Hospital Eppendorf, University of Hamburg, Germany.
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MeSH Terms
Arterial Occlusive Diseases / diagnosis*
Cerebral Arterial Diseases / diagnosis*
Cerebral Infarction / diagnosis*
Diffusion Magnetic Resonance Imaging*
Middle Aged
Prospective Studies
Time Factors

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