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Vascular consequences of a high-fat meal in physically active and inactive adults.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  21574775     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Habitually active adults (ACT) typically exhibit lower postprandial lipemia, a condition that may attenuate oxidative stress and endothelial dysfunction following a high-fat meal (HFM), compared with inactive adults (INA). Our objective was to compare triglycerides (TAG), superoxide dismutase activity (SOD), oxidative stress (thiobarbituric reactive substances; TBARS), and brachial artery flow-mediated dilation (FMD%) before and after an HFM challenge in ACT and INA. ACT (n = 7) and INA (n = 7) subjects were matched for body mass index, age, and sex. Plasma TAG, SOD, TBARS, and FMD% were measured at baseline and 4 h after an HFM challenge. TAG significantly increased following the HFM in INA (4.15 ± 3.79 mmol·L(-1) vs. 8.07 ± 5.12 mmol·L(-1)) and in ACT (2.16 ± 0.55 mmol·L(-1) vs. 3.24 ± 1.40 mmol·L(-1)). Baseline TBARS were greater in ACT and remained unchanged in response to the HFM in both INA (5.1 ± 2.7 mmol·L(-1) vs. 6.9 ± 2.9 mmol·L(-1)) and ACT (8.6 ± 2.0 mmol·L(-1) vs. 7.9 ± 1.9 mmol·L(-1)). ACT exhibited greater SOD than INA at baseline (8.6 ± 0.7 U·mL(-1) vs. 7.8 ± 0.6 U·mL(-1)) and following the HFM (9.3 ± 1.2 U·mL(-1) vs. 8.0 ± 0.7 U·mL(-1)). Postprandial FMD% was decreased in INA (9.1% ± 4.0% vs. 6.2% ± 3.4%), yet remained unchanged in ACT (7.9% ± 3.7% vs. 9.3% ± 3.2%). In conclusion, the differential responses following an HFM support the concept that habitual physical activity can attenuate the negative postprandial alterations that affect vascular health.
Authors:
Blair D Johnson; Jaume Padilla; Ryan A Harris; Janet P Wallace
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2011-5-16
Journal Detail:
Title:  Applied physiology, nutrition, and metabolism = Physiologie appliquee, nutrition et metabolisme     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1715-5312     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2011 May 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-5-17     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  101264333     Medline TA:  Appl Physiol Nutr Metab     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Affiliation:
a Clinical Exercise Physiology Laboratory, Department of Kinesiology, Indiana University, Bloomington, IN 47405, USA.
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