Document Detail


Vascular complications of penetrating brain injury: comparison of helical CT angiography and conventional angiography.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  25170662     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Object The authors conducted a study to compare the sensitivity and specificity of helical CT angiography (CTA) and digital subtraction angiography (DSA) in detecting intracranial arterial injuries after penetrating traumatic brain injury (PTBI). Methods In a retrospective evaluation of 48 sets of angiograms from 45 consecutive patients with PTBI, 3 readers unaware of the DSA findings reviewed the CTA images to determine the presence or absence of arterial injuries. A fourth reader reviewed all the disagreements and decided among the 3 interpretations. Sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value (PPV), and negative predictive value (NPV) of CTA were calculated on a per-injury basis and in a subpopulation of patients with traumatic intracranial aneurysms (TICAs). Results Sensitivity of CTA for detecting arterial injuries was 72.7% (95% CI 49.8%-89.3%); specificity, 93.5% (95% CI 78.6%-99.2%); PPV, 88.9% (95% CI 65.3%-98.6%); and NPV, 82.9% (95% CI 66.4%-93.4%). All 7 TICAs were correctly identified by CTA. Sensitivity, specificity, PPV, and NPV of CTA in detecting TICAs were 100%. To compare agreement with DSA, the standard of reference, confidence scores categorized as low, intermediate, and high probability yielded an overall effectiveness of 77.8% (95% CI 71.8%-82.9%). Conclusions Computed tomography angiography had limited overall sensitivity in detecting arterial injuries in patients with PTBI. However, it was accurate in identifying TICAs, a subgroup of injuries usually managed by either surgical or endovascular approaches, and non-TICA injuries involving the first-order branches of intracranial arteries.
Authors:
Uttam K Bodanapally; Kathirkamanathan Shanmuganathan; Alexis R Boscak; Paul M Jaffray; Giulia Van der Byl; Ashis K Roy; David Dreizin; Thorsten R Fleiter; Stuart E Mirvis; Jaroslaw Krejza; Bizhan Aarabi
Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2014-8-29
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of neurosurgery     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1933-0693     ISO Abbreviation:  J. Neurosurg.     Publication Date:  2014 Aug 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2014-8-29     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0253357     Medline TA:  J Neurosurg     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  1-9     Citation Subset:  -    
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