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Vascular Rings: Presentation, Imaging Strategies, Treatment, and Outcome.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22314366     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
This study aimed to evaluate the presenting symptoms, the effectiveness of imaging methods, and the surgical treatment of vascular rings. Data for 44 patients (32 enrolled prospectively, 12 reviewed retrospectively) over a 10-year period in a tertiary referral center were analyzed. These patients comprised 25 patients with a left aortic arch and an aberrant right subclavian artery, 13 patients with a right aortic arch and a left subclavian artery originating from Kommerell's diverticulum, 1 patient with a right aortic arch and an aberrant left subclavian artery, 3 patients with a double aortic arch, and 2 patients with a pulmonary sling. Respiratory symptoms were found in 25 patients and dysphagia in 6 patients. Atypical symptoms such as reflex apnea, cyanosis, syncope episodes, and exercise-induced wheezing were noted in five patients. Associated congenital heart defects were detected in 41% of the patients. The diagnostic yield was 95.23% for barium esophagography, 54.54% for echocardiography, and 66.66% for computed tomography. The anatomy could be correctly identified by magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) in 97.43% and by angiography in 90.5% of the patients. Of the 30 patients who underwent surgery, 80% were completely relieved of symptoms during a mean follow-up period of 25 ± 33.5 months. Vascular rings should not be overlooked in infants with atypical symptoms. The authors' diagnostic procedure of choice is MRI because it is superior to angiography for delineating the relationship between abnormal vascular structures, trachea, and esophagus.
Authors:
Mustafa Kir; Gul Sagin Saylam; Ulas Karadas; Nuh Yilmaz; Handan Cakmakçi; Nevin Uzuner; Mehmet Güzeloğlu; Baran Ugurlu; Oztekin Oto
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2012-2-8
Journal Detail:
Title:  Pediatric cardiology     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1432-1971     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2012 Feb 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-2-8     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8003849     Medline TA:  Pediatr Cardiol     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Affiliation:
Department of Pediatric Cardiology, Faculty of Medicine, Dokuz Eylul University, Inciralti, Izmir, 35340, Turkey, mustafa.kir@deu.edu.tr.
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