Document Detail

Variety and total number of food items recorded by a true longitudinal group of urban black South African children at five interceptions between 1995 and 2003: the Birth-to-Twenty (Bt20) Study.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  17894914     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
OBJECTIVE: To report on the variety and total number of food items recorded by a true longitudinal group of urban black South African children (n = 143) from the Birth-to-Twenty Study at five interceptions at the ages of 5 (1995), 7 (1997), 9 (1999), 10 (2000) and 13 (2003) years, respectively.
METHODS: Dietary intake was assessed using a semi-quantitative food-frequency questionnaire. Frequencies were calculated per week, for each interception and for all five interceptions combined, using SAS.
RESULTS: Five hundred and forty-six different individual food items were recorded 23 480 times for all five interceptions combined. The highest of 124 items was recorded in 1999 contributing 23% of the 546 items recorded. Each of the top 10 items (rice, stiff maize-meal porridge, chicken, sugar, sweets, tea, eggs, full-cream milk, carbonated beverages and oil) contributed between 2.5% and 3% and these items were recorded almost 600 times or more for all interceptions combined (n = 23 840). Rice and stiff maize-meal porridge were the top items recorded 684 and 676 times, both contributing 2.87% and 2.84%, respectively. The variety of food items and the ratio of the food groups to the total number of foods recorded in the present study were not significantly different but the denominators decreased over the five interceptions.
CONCLUSION: The variety of food items recorded did not vary between 1995 and 2003 - the fact that new items were not added to the questionnaire as the children grew older could have contributed to this phenomenon. However, there was a difference in the ranking of these items that may suggest a change in eating patterns.
Titilola M Pedro; Jenny M MacKeown; Shane A Norris
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't     Date:  2007-09-26
Journal Detail:
Title:  Public health nutrition     Volume:  11     ISSN:  1368-9800     ISO Abbreviation:  Public Health Nutr     Publication Date:  2008 Jun 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2008-05-16     Completed Date:  2008-09-30     Revised Date:  2013-03-12    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9808463     Medline TA:  Public Health Nutr     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  616-23     Citation Subset:  IM    
MRC/WITS Birth-to-Twenty Research Programme, Department of Paediatrics, University of the Witwatersrand Medical School, 7 York Road, Parktown, 2193, Johannesburg, South Africa.
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MeSH Terms
Aging / physiology*
Child Nutritional Physiological Phenomena*
Child, Preschool
Diet / statistics & numerical data,  trends*
Ethnic Groups / statistics & numerical data
Food Habits / ethnology*
Food Supply
Longitudinal Studies
Nutrition Policy
Nutrition Surveys
South Africa
Urban Population
Grant Support
077210//Wellcome Trust; //Wellcome Trust

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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