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Variceal recurrence, rebleeding rates and alterations in clinical and laboratory parameters following post-variceal obliteration using endoscopic sclerotherapy.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23107447     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Data-Review    
OBJECTIVE: To study the rates of variceal recurrence and rebleeding following sclerotherapy and its effect on clinical and laboratory parameters in patients with portal hypertension.
METHODS: A total of 237 patients with portal hypertension together with esophageal variceal bleeding were included in the study. There were 138 patients with cirrhosis (group I), 42 with non-cirrhotic portal fibrosis (group II), and 57 with extrahepatic portal vein obstruction (group III). Baseline data and post-obliteration follow-up for rebleeding rates and changes in clinical and laboratory parameters were recorded.
RESULTS: In all, 106 patients in group I, 31 in group II and 43 in group III experienced obliteration of varices. The recurrence of grade II varices occurred in 17 patients (9.4%) during a mean period of 9 months. Rebleeding from varices was observed in 4 patients (3.8%) in group I and 1 (3.2%) in group II, while none in group III experienced rebleeding. There was a significant improvement in ascites, jaundice, liver status, international normalized ratio and platelet count in group I patients after variceal eradication (P < 0.05). The main cause of death in the cirrhotic patients was active liver disease but not rebleeding.
CONCLUSIONS: Following obliterative endoscopic sclerotherapy, rates of recurrence and rebleeding were significantly low when patients are kept under close observation. Disappearance of varices or reduction of variceal size improves the liver status in surviving cirrhotic patients.
Arunkumar Krishnan; Vijaya Srinivasan; Jayanthi Venkataraman
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of digestive diseases     Volume:  13     ISSN:  1751-2980     ISO Abbreviation:  J Dig Dis     Publication Date:  2012 Nov 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-10-30     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  101302699     Medline TA:  J Dig Dis     Country:  Australia    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  596-600     Citation Subset:  IM    
Copyright Information:
© 2012 The Authors. Journal of Digestive Diseases © 2012 Chinese Medical Association Shanghai Branch, Chinese Society of Gastroenterology, Renji Hospital Affiliated to Shanghai Jiaotong University School of Medicine and Wiley Publishing Asia Pty Ltd.
Department of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, Stanley Medical College Hospital, Chennai, India.
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