Document Detail

Variations of the ulnar nerve in Guyon's canal: in vivo demonstration using ultrasound and 3 T MRI.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  20735276     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
BACKGROUND: The clinical importance of Guyon's canal is emphasized due to the various branching patterns of the ulnar nerve. So far, the arborization pattern of the ulnar nerve in Guyon's canal has been investigated mostly by cadaveric studies. PURPOSE: To demonstrate anatomic variations of the ulnar nerve in Guyon's canal in vivo by using high definition ultrasound (US) and 3 T magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). MATERIAL AND METHODS: US imaging and 3 T MRI with an 8-channel coil was applied to 30 hands of 15 volunteers. The main trunk and the branched superficial and deep ulnar nerves, including neural bifurcation or trifurcation, were recognized on US and confirmed by 3 T MR images. The ulnar artery and vein and its branches were traced on color Doppler US and also visualized by MRI. The branching pattern of the ulnar nerve was determined from the inlet to the outlet of Guyon's canal. RESULTS: Of 30 hands, 21 (70%) revealed bifurcation and 9 (30%) had trifurcation branching pattern of the ulnar nerve. In 16 hands (54%), imaging demonstrated that a single nerve entered the canal and divided into two trunks, one superficial and one deep, then exited the canal. The bifurcation occurred predominantly just after entering the canal inlet. The typical trifurcation pattern indicated that a single trunk entered the canal and divided into two, then one of the two bifurcated, producing a trifurcated pattern with two superficial and one deep bundle. Of 15 participants, symmetrical branching of bilateral hands was identified in 4 cases (27%), whereas 11 (73%) had asymmetrical branching. CONCLUSION: US and 3 T MRI readily delineated the branching pattern of the ulnar nerve in Guyon's canal in vivo. Morphological understanding about this neural branching can be informative in presurgical planning and also in diagnosis.
Mamoru Niitsu; Naomi Kokubo; Shoko Nojima
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Acta radiologica (Stockholm, Sweden : 1987)     Volume:  51     ISSN:  1600-0455     ISO Abbreviation:  Acta Radiol     Publication Date:  2010 Oct 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2010-09-10     Completed Date:  2010-09-24     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8706123     Medline TA:  Acta Radiol     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  939-46     Citation Subset:  IM    
Department of Radiology, Faculty of Health Sciences, Tokyo Metropolitan University, Arakawa, Tokyo, Japan.
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MeSH Terms
Hand / innervation*,  ultrasonography
Magnetic Resonance Imaging / methods
Ulnar Nerve / anatomy & histology*,  ultrasonography
Young Adult

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