Document Detail


Variations on a theme: synthesis and modification of plant benzoic acids.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  16600669     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Plant benzoic acids (BAs) are critical regulators of a plant's interaction with its environment. In addition, innumerable plant-derived pharmacological agents contain benzoyl moieties. Despite the prevalence and import of plant BAs, their biosynthetic pathways are not well-defined. Mounting evidence suggests that BAs are synthesized both directly from shikimate/chorismate and from phenylalanine in plants; however, few genes in these pathways have been identified. Exciting progress has been made in elucidating genes that modify BAs via methylation, glucosylation, or activation with Coenzyme A. As these modifications alter the stability, solubility, and activity of the BAs, they impact the functional roles of these molecules. The combination of multiple BA biosynthetic routes with a variety of chemical modifications probably facilitates precise temporal and spatial control over active forms, as well as the channeling of intermediates to particular benzoate products.
Authors:
Mary C Wildermuth
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.; Review     Date:  2006-04-04
Journal Detail:
Title:  Current opinion in plant biology     Volume:  9     ISSN:  1369-5266     ISO Abbreviation:  Curr. Opin. Plant Biol.     Publication Date:  2006 Jun 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2006-05-01     Completed Date:  2006-11-29     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  100883395     Medline TA:  Curr Opin Plant Biol     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  288-96     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
University of California, Department of Plant and Microbial Biology, 221 Koshland Hall, Berkeley, California 94720-3102, USA. wildermuth@nature.berkeley.edu
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Bacteria / metabolism
Benzoic Acids / chemistry,  metabolism*
Methylation
Models, Chemical
Molecular Structure
Plants / metabolism*
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Benzoic Acids

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