Document Detail


Variations of CHROMagar Acinetobacter to detect imipenem-resistant Acinetobacter baumannii-calcoaceticus complex.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23317168     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Background: Acinetobacter baumannii-calcoaceticus complex (ABC) isolates are often multidrug-resistant, including to carbapenems. Chromogenic media can facilitate the rapid detection of Gram-negative bacteria, often with the addition of supplements to a base chromogenic medium to detect resistance. We examined various combinations of available media to detect imipenem resistance among 107 ABC clinical isolates. Methods: CHROMagar Orientation, CHROMagar KPC, and CHROMagar Acinetobacter, by itself, with Acinetobacter supplement, with KPC supplement, or CHROMagar Acinetobacter with increasing concentrations (1, 2.5, and 5 ml/l) of a new CR102 supplement, were examined. Results: Sensitivity for the detection of isolates was high (> 98%) for all formulations. Specificity was high for CHROMagar Acinetobacter with 2.5 ml/l and 5 ml/l of the CR102 supplement, at 95.3% and 97.7%, respectively, with positive predictive values of 97% and 98.5%. Negative predictive values of these 2 formulations were 100%. Conclusions: CHROMagar Acinetobacter with the addition of the CR102 supplement at 2.5 ml/l and 5ml/l is highly sensitive and specific for the detection of imipenem-resistant ABC, and may be useful for the rapid detection of imipenem-resistant ABC in clinical samples.
Authors:
Alice Barsoumian; Tatjana Calvano; Ana E Markelz; Ryan Cassidy; Clinton K Murray; Miriam L Beckius; Katrin Mende; Kevin S Akers
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2013-1-15
Journal Detail:
Title:  Scandinavian journal of infectious diseases     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1651-1980     ISO Abbreviation:  Scand. J. Infect. Dis.     Publication Date:  2013 Jan 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2013-1-15     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0215333     Medline TA:  Scand J Infect Dis     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Affiliation:
From the1 Infectious Disease Service, San Antonio Military Medical Center , Fort Sam Houston , Texas.
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