Document Detail

Variation in the membrane transport properties and predicted optimal rates of freezing for spermatozoa of diploid and tetraploid Pacific oyster, Crassostrea gigas.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  14736816     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
In the present study, a shape-independent differential scanning calorimeter (DSC) technique was used to measure the dehydration response during freezing of sperm cells from diploid and tetraploid Pacific oysters, Crassostrea gigas. This represents the first application of the DSC technique to sperm cells from nonmammalian species. Volumetric shrinkage during freezing of oyster sperm cell suspensions was obtained at cooling rates of 5 and 20 degrees C/min in the presence of extracellular ice and 8% (v/v) concentration of dimethyl sulfoxide (DMSO), a commonly used cryoprotective agent (CPA). Using previously published data, sperm cells from diploid oysters were modeled as a two-compartment "ball-on-stick" model with a "ball" 1.66 microm in diameter and a "stick" 41 microm in length and 0.14 microm wide. Similarly, sperm cells of tetraploid oysters were modeled with a "ball" 2.14 microm in diameter and a "stick" 53 microm in length and 0.17 microm wide. Sperm cells of both ploidy levels were assumed to have an osmotically inactive cell volume, Vb, of 0.6 Vo, where Vo is the isotonic (or initial) cell volume. By fitting a model of water transport to the experimentally obtained volumetric shrinkage data, the best-fit membrane permeability parameters (Lpg and ELp) were determined. The combined-best-fit membrane permeability parameters at 5 and 20 degrees C/min for haploid sperm cells (or cells from diploid Pacific oysters) in the absence of CPAs were: Lpg = 0.30 x 10(-15) m(3)/Ns (0.0017 microm/min-atm) and ELp = 41.0 kJ/mole (9.8 kcal/mole). The corresponding parameters in the presence of 8% DMSO were: Lpg[cpa] = 0.27 x 10(-15) m(3)/Ns (0.0015 microm/min-atm) and ELp[cpa] = 38.0 kJ/mole (9.1 kcal/mole). Similarly, the combined-best-fit membrane permeability parameters at 5 and 20 degrees C/min for diploid sperm cells (or cells from tetraploid Pacific oysters) in the absence of CPAs were: Lpg = 0.34 x 10(-15) m(3)/Ns (0.0019 microm/min-atm) and ELp = 29.7 kJ/mole (7.1 kcal/mole). The corresponding parameters in the presence of 8% DMSO were: Lpg[cpa] = 0.34 x 10(-15) m(3)/Ns (0.0019 microm/min-atm) and ELp[cpa] = 37.6 kJ/mole (9.0 kcal/mole). The parameters obtained in this study suggest that optimal rates of cooling for Pacific oyster sperm cells range from 40 to 70 degrees C/min. These theoretical cooling rates are in close conformity with empirically determined optimal rates of cooling sperm cells from Pacific oysters, C. gigas.
Yimeng He; Qiaoxiang Dong; Terrence R Tiersch; Ram V Devireddy
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.     Date:  2004-01-21
Journal Detail:
Title:  Biology of reproduction     Volume:  70     ISSN:  0006-3363     ISO Abbreviation:  Biol. Reprod.     Publication Date:  2004 May 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2004-04-21     Completed Date:  2004-12-22     Revised Date:  2006-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0207224     Medline TA:  Biol Reprod     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  1428-37     Citation Subset:  IM    
Bioengineering Laboratory, Department of Mechanical Engineering, Louisiana State University, Baton Rouge, Louisiana 70803, USA.
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MeSH Terms
Cell Membrane Permeability
Cell Size
Computer Simulation
Membrane Transport Proteins / metabolism*
Models, Biological
Ostreidae / genetics*,  metabolism*
Spermatozoa / cytology,  metabolism*
Time Factors
Water / metabolism
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Membrane Transport Proteins; 7732-18-5/Water

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