Document Detail

Variation in estrogen-related genes and cross-sectional and longitudinal blood pressure in the Framingham Heart Study.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  16269961     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
OBJECTIVE: To examine the association between variation in estrogen-related genes and cross-sectional and longitudinal blood pressure in men and women. DESIGN: In 1780 unrelated members of the community-based Framingham Heart Study offspring cohort, systolic blood pressure and diastolic blood pressure were measured over a total of six examination cycles encompassing 24 years of follow-up. Multivariate regression analyses were used to assess the relation between untreated cross-sectional and longitudinal blood pressure and polymorphisms at the estrogen receptor-alpha (ESR1), estrogen receptor-beta (ESR2), aromatase (CYP19A1), and nuclear receptor coactivator 1 (NCOA1) genes after adjustment for common risk factors. RESULTS: In men, systolic blood pressure and pulse pressure (systolic blood pressure minus diastolic blood pressure) were associated with two polymorphisms in ESR1, while pulse pressure was also associated with variations in NCOA1 and CYP19A1. Polymorphisms in ESR1, CYP19A1, and NCOA1 were associated with diastolic blood pressure in women. CONCLUSIONS: Although the underlying relations between genes involved in estrogen action and hypertension remain to be completely understood, our findings provide suggestive evidence of gender-specific contributions of estrogen-related genes to blood pressure variation. As no correction for multiple testing was performed in the analyses, we view these results as suggestive and not definitive. Further studies are warranted to confirm these results using a comprehensive set of polymorphisms in order to shed more light on the involvement of estrogen in blood pressure regulation.
Inga Peter; Amanda M Shearman; Deborah R Zucker; Christopher H Schmid; Serkalem Demissie; L Adrienne Cupples; Martin G Larson; Ramachandran S Vasan; Ralph B D'Agostino; Richard H Karas; Michael E Mendelsohn; David E Housman; Daniel Levy
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of hypertension     Volume:  23     ISSN:  0263-6352     ISO Abbreviation:  J. Hypertens.     Publication Date:  2005 Dec 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2005-11-04     Completed Date:  2006-03-02     Revised Date:  2009-11-19    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8306882     Medline TA:  J Hypertens     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  2193-200     Citation Subset:  IM    
Biostatistics Research Center, Institute for Clinical Research and Health Policy Studies, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, MA, USA.
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MeSH Terms
Aromatase / genetics
Base Sequence
Blood Pressure / genetics*,  physiology
Cohort Studies
Cross-Sectional Studies
DNA / genetics
Estrogen Receptor alpha / genetics
Estrogen Receptor beta / genetics
Estrogens / genetics*,  physiology
Histone Acetyltransferases
Hypertension / genetics*,  physiopathology
Longitudinal Studies
Middle Aged
Multivariate Analysis
Nuclear Receptor Coactivator 1
Polymorphism, Genetic
Sex Characteristics
Transcription Factors / genetics
Grant Support
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Estrogen Receptor alpha; 0/Estrogen Receptor beta; 0/Estrogens; 0/Transcription Factors; 9007-49-2/DNA; EC; EC Acetyltransferases; EC protein, human; EC Receptor Coactivator 1
Comment In:
J Hypertens. 2005 Dec;23(12):2147-9   [PMID:  16269954 ]

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