Document Detail

Variation in chlorophyll a to total phosphorus ratio across 94 UK and Irish lakes: Implications for lake management.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23313907     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Eutrophication is the most widespread pressure impacting on lakes worldwide and, in general, its control is underpinned by the premise that algal biomass is regulated by phosphorus availability. This paper aims to demonstrate that not all lakes will conform to the underlying principle of the Chl:TP relationships using variables collected widely in lake monitoring programmes across the world (i.e. total phosphorus (TP) and chlorophyll a (Chl) concentrations). The ratio of annual mean Chl and TP concentrations in 94 lakes (2007 and 2008) was used as a measure of the efficiency with which TP is transferred into algal biomass (i.e. as an indicator of P limitation) to investigate the validity of the phosphorus reduction approach. Chl:TP ratios ranged from 0.02 to 0.84 in 2007 and from 0.03 to 0.96 in 2008. Chl and TP values were positively correlated (p < 0.05) with alkalinity, and negatively correlated with depth and surface area, in both years. In general, mean annual Chl and TP concentrations increased as alkalinity increased and depth decreased. However, Chl:TP ratio was highest in high alkalinity lakes in 2007, and moderate alkalinity lakes in 2008. Our results indicate that the use of TP water quality targets alone is insufficient to accurately manage eutrophication pressures at the lake specific scale, and that a wider range of ecological and ecosystem service evaluation targets would provide a more comprehensive assessment of management needs. The wide range of Chl:TP ratio values reported in this study suggests that, although reducing TP concentrations in lakes is undoubtedly a sensible approach to eutrophication management in many cases, TP reductions alone may not result in the expected reductions in phytoplankton biomass in all lakes.
Bryan M Spears; Laurence Carvalho; Bernard Dudley; Linda May
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2013-1-8
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of environmental management     Volume:  115C     ISSN:  1095-8630     ISO Abbreviation:  J. Environ. Manage.     Publication Date:  2013 Jan 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2013-1-14     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0401664     Medline TA:  J Environ Manage     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  287-294     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2012 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
NERC - Centre for Ecology & Hydrology, Bush Estate, Penicuik EH26 0QB, UK. Electronic address:
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