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Variables associated with change in blood pressure control status after 1-year follow up in primary care: a retrospective analysis: the TAPAS study.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23572479     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
PURPOSE: This 1-year, retrospective, observational study assessed factors associated with changes in hypertension control status and differences in blood pressure (BP) management among general practitioners in Spain. METHODS: In 2009, 307 investigators from 260 primary care centres in Spain recruited the first four consecutive patients with hypertension that fit into one of four predefined cohorts: (1) uncontrolled BP at baseline and at a 1-year follow-up visit; (2) uncontrolled BP at baseline and good BP control at the 1-year follow-up visit; (3) good BP control at baseline and loss of BP control at the 1-year follow-up visit; and (4) good BP control at baseline and at the 1-year follow-up visit. RESULTS: A total of 1385 patients were included. Patients with poor BP and patients that lost BP control exhibited more cardiovascular risk factors. Although antihypertensive treatment was increased more markedly in these patients, this was not sufficient to attain/remain BP goals. Predictors for attaining BP control were no smoking, absence of diabetes, reduction in cholesterol, low baseline cholesterol, and no weight gain. Predictors for failing to maintain BP goals were weight gain, high baseline LDL cholesterol, and no reduction in fasting glucose. NSAID prescriptions increased markedly in patients that lost BP control compared to those that maintained BP control. CONCLUSION: Antihypertensive therapy should be intensified and healthy lifestyle changes should be emphasized, particularly weight control to improve BP control. Drugs that may increase BP levels, such as NSAIDs, should also be avoided.
Authors:
Carmen Suarez; Alberto Galgo; Teresa Mantilla; Manuel Leal; Carlos Escobar
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2013-4-9
Journal Detail:
Title:  European journal of preventive cardiology     Volume:  -     ISSN:  2047-4881     ISO Abbreviation:  Eur J Prev Cardiol     Publication Date:  2013 Apr 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2013-4-10     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  101564430     Medline TA:  Eur J Prev Cardiol     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Affiliation:
Internal Medicine Department, Hospital Universitario de la Princesa, Madrid, Spain.
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