Document Detail

Variable effects of respiratory muscle training on cycle exercise performance in men and women.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  16604134     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Respiratory muscle training (RMT) has been proposed as an effective means to increase the strength of the inspiratory muscles and improve exercise performance. The purpose of this study was to examine the effect of RMT on cycling time to exhaustion (TTE) and to determine any potential sex effect. We hypothesized that RMT would improve maximal inspiratory pressure (MIP) and TTE to a similar degree in men and women. Males (n = 7; mean (+/- SD) age, 22.1 +/- 1.5 y) and females (n = 8; mean (+/- SD) 24.5 +/- 4.9 y) performed an incremental cycle test to determine maximal oxygen consumption ((.)VO(2) (max)) (day 1), followed by a familiarization TTE (day 2) and baseline TTE (day 3) at 80% maximal work achieved during the ((.)VO(2) (max)) test. Subjects then completed 5 weeks of respiratory muscle training (RMT) (5 d/week, 2 sets of 30 inspirations against 50% MIP). Four training sessions per week were performed at home and the 5th was supervised, during which the threshold load was increased if necessary. Following RMT, subjects completed 2 TTE tests (days 4 and 5). MIP increased in each subject (37% +/- 18%, P < 0.05). There was no difference between men (pre = -100 +/- 20 vs. post = -140 +/- 29 cmH(2)O) and women (pre = -90 +/- 28 vs. post = -117 +/- 28 cmH(2)O). Baseline TTE (male = 301 +/- 122 s; female = 338 +/- 98 s) was shorter in comparison with the best of the 2 TTE-post tests (male = 353 +/- 68 s; female = 416 +/- 116 s; P < 0.01), but not when compared with days 4 or 5 (P > 0.05). RMT increases MIP and may improve exercise performance; however, improvements are variable with no differences between men and women.
Jordan A Guenette; Andrea M Martens; Anne L Lee; Gradin D Tyler; Jennifer C Richards; Glen E Foster; Darren E R Warburton; A William Sheel
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Applied physiology, nutrition, and metabolism = Physiologie appliquée, nutrition et métabolisme     Volume:  31     ISSN:  1715-5312     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2006 Apr 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2006-04-10     Completed Date:  2006-09-19     Revised Date:  2006-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  101264333     Medline TA:  Appl Physiol Nutr Metab     Country:  Canada    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  159-66     Citation Subset:  IM    
School of Human Kinetics, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, BC, Canada.
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MeSH Terms
Bicycling / physiology*
Breathing Exercises*
Muscle, Skeletal / physiology*
Oxygen Consumption / physiology*
Physical Endurance / physiology
Respiratory Function Tests
Respiratory Muscles / physiology*
Sex Characteristics

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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