Document Detail


Variability in protist grazing and growth on different marine Synechococcus isolates.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  21398485     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Grazing mortality of the marine phytoplankton Synechococcus is dominated by planktonic protists, yet rates of consumption and factors regulating grazer-Synechococcus interactions are poorly understood. One aspect of predator-prey interactions for which little is known are the mechanisms by which Synechococcus avoids or resists predation and, in turn, how this relates to the ability of Synechococcus to support growth of protist grazer populations. Grazing experiments conducted with the raptorial dinoflagellate Oxyrrhis marina and phylogenetically diverse Synechococcus isolates (strains WH8102, CC9605, CC9311, and CC9902) revealed marked differences in grazing rates-specifically that WH8102 was grazed at significantly lower rates than all other isolates. Additional experiments using the heterotrophic nanoflagellate Goniomonas pacifica and the filter-feeding tintinnid ciliate Eutintinnis sp. revealed that this pattern in grazing susceptibility among the isolates transcended feeding guilds and grazer taxon. Synechococcus cell size, elemental ratios, and motility were not able to explain differences in grazing rates, indicating that other features play a primary role in grazing resistance. Growth of heterotrophic protists was poorly coupled to prey ingestion and was influenced by the strain of Synechococcus being consumed. Although Synechococcus was generally a poor-quality food source, it tended to support higher growth and survival of G. pacifica and O. marina relative to Eutintinnis sp., indicating that suitability of Synechococcus varies among grazer taxa and may be a more suitable food source for the smaller protist grazers. This work has developed tractable model systems for further studies of grazer-Synechococcus interactions in marine microbial food webs.
Authors:
Jude K Apple; Suzanne L Strom; Brian Palenik; Bianca Brahamsha
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.     Date:  2011-03-11
Journal Detail:
Title:  Applied and environmental microbiology     Volume:  77     ISSN:  1098-5336     ISO Abbreviation:  Appl. Environ. Microbiol.     Publication Date:  2011 May 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-04-21     Completed Date:  2011-07-27     Revised Date:  2013-06-30    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7605801     Medline TA:  Appl Environ Microbiol     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  3074-84     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
1900 Shannon Point Road, Shannon Point Marine Center, Western Washington University, Anacortes, WA 98221, USA. jude.apple@wwu.edu
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Alveolata / growth & development,  metabolism,  physiology*
Cryptophyta / growth & development,  metabolism,  physiology*
Microbial Interactions*
Microbial Viability
Synechococcus / physiology*
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From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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