Document Detail


Variability in Coconut (Cocos nucifera L.) Germplasm and Hybrids for Fatty Acid Profile of Oil.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22118628     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Coconut oil, the main product of coconut fruit, is richest source of glycerol and lauric acid and hence is called lauric oil. This paper reports the fatty acid profile of oil from 60 Talls, 14 dwarfs and 34 hybrids. Capillary gas chromatograph analysis of oil indicated wide variation for the fatty acid profile than earlier reported. Apart from this, for the first time other fatty acids like behenic and lignoceric acids were detected. Oil from cultivars and hybrids of coconut has significantly differed particularly for commercially important fatty acids like lauric acid and unsaturated fatty acids. However, coconut oil seems to have conserved fatty acid profile, mainly because of low unsaturated fatty acids, indicating possibility of grouping cultivars based on fatty acid profile. The cluster analysis based on fatty acid profile indicated grouping together of geographically and typically closely related cultivars. The cultivars with high concentration of specific fatty acid can be of potential use for industrial exploitation, while those with high concentration of small and medium chain fatty acids and unsaturated fatty acids are more suitable for human consumption. The cultivars and hybrids with high and low values for each of the fatty acids are also identified.
Authors:
S Naresh Kumar
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2011-11-25
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of agricultural and food chemistry     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1520-5118     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2011 Nov 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-11-28     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0374755     Medline TA:  J Agric Food Chem     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
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