Document Detail


Variability of end-expiratory lung volume in premature infants.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  20453527     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Process    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
BACKGROUND: Analysis of breath-to-breath variability of respiratory characteristics provides information on the respiratory control. In infants, the control of end-expiratory lung volume (EELV) is active and complex, and it can be altered by respiratory disease. The pattern of EELV variability may reflect the behavior of this regulatory system.
OBJECTIVES: We aimed to characterize EELV variability in premature infants, and to evaluate variability pattern changes associated with respiratory distress and ventilatory support.
METHODS: EELV variations were recorded using inductance plethysmography in 18 infants (gestational age 30-33 weeks) during the first 10 days of life. An autocorrelation analysis was conducted to evaluate the 'EELV memory', i.e. the impact of the characteristics of one breath on the following breaths.
RESULTS: In infants without respiratory symptoms, EELV variability was high, with large standard deviations of EELV. Autocorrelation was found to be significant until a median lag of 7 (interquartiles: 4-8) breaths. Autocorrelation was markedly prolonged in patients with respiratory distress or ventilatory support, with a higher number of breath lags with significant autocorrelation (p < 0.01) and higher autocorrelation coefficients (p < 0.05). Conventional assisted ventilation does not re-establish a healthy EELV profile and is associated with lower respiratory variability.
CONCLUSIONS: In premature infants, EELV variability pattern is modified by respiratory distress with a prolonged 'EELV memory', which suggests a greater instability of the control of EELV.
Authors:
Guillaume Emeriaud; Pierre Baconnier; André Eberhard; Thierry Debillon; Pascale Calabrese; Gila Benchetrit
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article     Date:  2010-05-07
Journal Detail:
Title:  Neonatology     Volume:  98     ISSN:  1661-7819     ISO Abbreviation:  Neonatology     Publication Date:  2010  
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2010-11-22     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  101286577     Medline TA:  Neonatology     Country:  Switzerland    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  321-9     Citation Subset:  IM    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2010 S. Karger AG, Basel.
Affiliation:
Laboratoire TIMC-PRETA, UMR 5525 CNRS, Université Joseph Fourier, Grenoble, France. guilemeriaud @ hotmail.com
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