Document Detail

Valvular involvement in patients with rheumatoid arthritis.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  19449476     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
BACKGROUND: Although pericarditis is the most commonly recognized cardiac lesion in Rheumatoid Arthritis (RA), this disease affects all the three cardiac layers. OBJECTIVE: To study valvular lesions in RA, trying to correlate them with other clinical variables, auto antibodies and functional class. METHODS: One hundred twenty two controls and 184 patients with RA without cardiac symptoms were studied using bidimensional echocardiography. We also studied smoking habits, age and disease duration, rheumatoid factor, antinuclear antibody, anticardiolipin antibodies, rheumatoid nodules and functional class in RA patients. RESULTS: We found that 28 RA patients (15.2%) had valvular lesions and that the aortic valve was the most affected. Valvular lesions were more common in patients with disease duration longer than 15 years (p=0.013). No association was found between valvular lesions and sex, age, tobacco exposure, rheumatoid factor positivity, presence of antinuclear antibodies, rheumatoid nodules, anticardiolipin antibodies or functional class. CONCLUSION: A small part of RA patients had asymptomatic valvular lesions which occurred more frequently in patients with long disease duration.
Ana Paula Beckhauser; Liz Vallin; Claudine J Burkievcz; Sonia Perreto; Marilia Barreto Silva; Thelma L Skare
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Acta reumatológica portuguesa     Volume:  34     ISSN:  0303-464X     ISO Abbreviation:  Acta Reumatol Port     Publication Date:    2009 Jan-Mar
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2009-05-18     Completed Date:  2009-07-07     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0431702     Medline TA:  Acta Reumatol Port     Country:  Portugal    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  52-6     Citation Subset:  IM    
Serviço de Reumatologia do Hospital Universitário Evangélico de Curitiba - PR - Brasil.
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MeSH Terms
Aged, 80 and over
Arthritis, Rheumatoid / complications*
Heart Valve Diseases / etiology*
Middle Aged
Young Adult

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