Document Detail

Valve system does not reduce the catheter-related bloodstream infection.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  20001813     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
BACKGROUND: The Groshong catheter (GC) is considered to have a lower risk of central venous catheter-related bloodstream infection (CVC-RBSI) than conventional catheters because of its valve system (closed-end) for preventing blood reflux. However, few studies have compared the GC with conventional (open-end) catheters in terms of catheter-related complications.
PURPOSE: To compare the incidence of catheter-related complications including CVC-RBSI between the GC and the Argyle catheter (AC).
METHODS: The GC and the AC were inserted in the same way from the internal jugular vein. Catheter-related complications were evaluated from the database retrospectively.
RESULTS: Two hundred seventy GCs were inserted in 123 patients, and 251 ACs were inserted in 135 patients. There were no significant differences in patient background factors between GC and AC use, except for the following two parameters. Use of GC was associated with a longer catheter insertion length and a younger patient age. Univariate analysis revealed that neither type of catheter reduced the incidence of CVC-RBSI. Kaplan-Meier analysis and log rank test revealed no significant difference between the GC and the AC in the period from insertion to development of complications.
CONCLUSIONS: The GC has no superiority over the conventional AC for preventing CVC-RBSI.
Mitsuru Ishizuka; Hitoshi Nagata; Kazutoshi Takagi; Tokihiko Sawada; Keiichi Kubota
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Comparative Study; Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of investigative surgery : the official journal of the Academy of Surgical Research     Volume:  22     ISSN:  1521-0553     ISO Abbreviation:  J Invest Surg     Publication Date:    2009 Nov-Dec
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2009-12-16     Completed Date:  2010-04-01     Revised Date:  2014-07-30    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8809255     Medline TA:  J Invest Surg     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  430-4     Citation Subset:  IM    
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MeSH Terms
Catheter-Related Infections / epidemiology*,  microbiology
Catheterization, Central Venous / instrumentation*
Catheters, Indwelling / adverse effects*,  microbiology
Kaplan-Meier Estimate
Middle Aged
Retrospective Studies
Risk Factors
Time Factors

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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