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Value of the ultrasound attenuation index for noninvasive quantitative estimation of hepatic steatosis.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23341377     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Data-Review    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Objectives To assess the value of the ultrasound (US) attenuation index for noninvasive estimation of hepatic steatosis and determine its optimal cutoff value for severe steatosis in potential living liver donors. Methods Two hundred forty potential donors underwent US-guided biopsy. The target site was scanned at 4 and 8 MHz. On the sonogram, the observer drew 3 × 3-mm square regions of interest in superficial (3-cm) and deep (5-cm) areas. The attenuation index was defined as the difference between superficial and deep echogenicity/superficial echogenicity × 100. On biopsy specimens, replacement of hepatic parenchyma was evaluated on a percentage scale. Severe steatosis was defined as macrovesicular fatty change of 30% or greater. Spearman rank correlation (ρ) was used to determine correlation coefficients between the attenuation index and steatosis degree; receiver operating characteristic analysis was performed to determine the optimal attenuation index cutoff value for severe steatosis. Results The median steatosis degree was 3% (interquartile range [IQR], 0%-10%). Severe steatosis was found in 10 donors. The attenuation index ranged from -27.4 to 36.6 (median, 4.0; IQR, -1.6-10.4) at 4 MHz and -18.0 to 78.1 (median, 14.5; IQR, 7.2-21.9) at 8 MHz. There was a minimal positive correlation between steatosis and the attenuation index at 4 MHz (total steatosis: ρ = 0.339; P < .001; macrovesicular steatosis: ρ = 0.360; P < .001). However, there was a significant moderate correlation between steatosis and the attenuation index at 8 MHz (total steatosis: ρ = 0.669; P < .001; macrovesicular steatosis: ρ = 0.645; P < .001). The optimal attenuation index cutoff value for severe steatosis at 8 MHz was 31.0. Conclusions The US attenuation index at 8 MHz is a useful indicator for noninvasive quantitative estimation of hepatic steatosis and diagnosis of severe steatosis in potential living liver donors.
Authors:
Heon-Ju Kwon; Kyoung Won Kim; So Jung Lee; So Yeon Kim; Jong Seok Lee; Hyoung Jung Kim; Gi-Won Song; Sun A Kim; Eun Sil Yu; Jeongjin Lee; Shin Hwang; Sung Gyu Lee
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of ultrasound in medicine : official journal of the American Institute of Ultrasound in Medicine     Volume:  32     ISSN:  1550-9613     ISO Abbreviation:  J Ultrasound Med     Publication Date:  2013 Feb 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2013-01-23     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8211547     Medline TA:  J Ultrasound Med     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  229-35     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Department of Radiology and Research Institute of Radiology, Asan Medical Center, University of Ulsan College of Medicine, 86 Asanbyeongwon-gil, Songpa-gu, Seoul 138-736, Korea. kimkw@amc.seoulkr.
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