Document Detail

Value of programmed ventricular stimulation after tetralogy of fallot repair: a multicenter study.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  15051640     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
BACKGROUND: Studies have consistently shown that ventricular tachycardia (VT) and sudden cardiac death (SCD) complicate the long-term outcome after tetralogy of Fallot repair, yet the diagnostic and predictive value of electrophysiological testing in this population is uncertain. METHODS AND RESULTS: A multicenter cohort of 252 patients with repaired tetralogy of Fallot undergoing programmed ventricular stimulation was followed up for 18.5+/-9.6 and 6.5+/-4.5 years after corrective surgery and electrophysiological testing, respectively. Clinical VT and/or SCD occurred in 24.6%. Sustained monomorphic VT and polymorphic VT were induced in 30.2% and 4.4%. Including polymorphic VT in the definition of inducibility improved sensitivity (66.1+/-6.0% versus 77.4+/-5.3%, P=0.0082) with a marginal reduction in specificity (81.6+/-2.8% versus 79.5+/-2.9%, P=0.0455). Positive and negative predictive values were 55.2+/-5.3% and 91.5+/-2.2%. Independent risk factors for inducibility were age at study > or =18 years (OR, 3.3), palpitations (OR, 2.8), prior palliative surgery (OR, 3.1), modified Lown criteria > or =2 (OR, 5.6), and cardiothoracic ratio > or =0.6 (OR, 3.3). Event-free survival rates in noninducible and inducible patients at 1, 5, 10, and 15 years were 97.9%, 92.8%, 89.3%, and 89.3% versus 79.4%, 62.6%, 58.7%, and 50.3%, respectively (P<0.0001). Both inducible monomorphic VT [relative risk (RR), 5.0; P=0.0002] and polymorphic VT (RR, 12.9; P<0.0001) predicted future clinical VT and SCD. In a multivariate analysis, inducible sustained VT was an independent risk factor for subsequent events (RR, 4.7; 95% CI, 1.2 to 18.5; P=0.0268). CONCLUSIONS: Programmed ventricular stimulation is of diagnostic and prognostic value in risk stratifying patients with repaired tetralogy of Fallot. In this patient population, inducible sustained polymorphic VT should not be disregarded as nonspecific.
Paul Khairy; Michael J Landzberg; Michael A Gatzoulis; Hugues Lucron; Jean Lambert; François Marçon; Mark E Alexander; Edward P Walsh
Publication Detail:
Type:  Clinical Trial; Journal Article; Multicenter Study; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't     Date:  2004-03-29
Journal Detail:
Title:  Circulation     Volume:  109     ISSN:  1524-4539     ISO Abbreviation:  Circulation     Publication Date:  2004 Apr 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2004-04-30     Completed Date:  2004-09-20     Revised Date:  2006-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0147763     Medline TA:  Circulation     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  1994-2000     Citation Subset:  AIM; IM    
Boston Adult Congenital Heart and Electrophysiology Services, Department of Cardiology, Children's Hospital Boston, 300 Longwood Ave, Boston, Mass 02115, USA
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MeSH Terms
Child, Preschool
Death, Sudden, Cardiac / epidemiology
Disease-Free Survival
Electric Stimulation*
Heart Ventricles*
Middle Aged
Tachycardia, Ventricular / diagnosis,  epidemiology
Tetralogy of Fallot / diagnosis*,  surgery

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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