Document Detail


Value of percutanous catheter fragmentation in the management of massive pulmonary embolism.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  19781314     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
BACKGROUND: Acute massive pulmonary embolism (PE) is a clinical emergency requiring rapid and supportive measures. Percutanous mechanical thrombectomy is considered as a treatment option. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the clinical efficacy and safety of peructaneous mechanical catheter fragmentation in the management of acute massive PE. METHODS: From January 2003 to June 2007, 28 patients (20 men, 8 women; mean age 64 years) with acute massive PE initially diagnosed by computed tomography and confirmed by pulmonary angiography were treated with inferior vena caval filter placement and percutaneous catheter fragmentation. Twenty-six patients received thrombolytic agents after embolus fragmentation. RESULTS: Technical success was achieved in all patients. The improvement of clinical status and restoration of blood flow in the main branches of the pulmonary artery were seen in 27 patients. Only one case did not benefit from the percutaneous therapy and died from the failure of the surgery. Oxygen saturation increased from (86.2 +/- 4.5)% to (96.1 +/- 3.2)% (P < 0.001) after the interventional procedure. The post-procedure mean pulmonary artery pressure decreased from (34.2 +/- 4.8) mmHg to (25.2 +/- 5.1) mmHg (P < 0.001). During clinical follow-up (range, 1 - 5 years), no patients had recurrence of PE. CONCLUSION: Percutaneous catheter fragmentation combined with thrombolysis is an effective and safe therapy in the clinical management of acute massive PE.
Authors:
Wei-zhong Zhou; Hai-bin Shi; Zheng-qiang Yang; Sheng Liu; Chun-gao Zhou; Lin-bo Zhao; Jin-guo Xia; Yao-liang Feng; Lin-sun Li
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Chinese medical journal     Volume:  122     ISSN:  0366-6999     ISO Abbreviation:  Chin. Med. J.     Publication Date:  2009 Aug 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2009-09-28     Completed Date:  2010-02-02     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7513795     Medline TA:  Chin Med J (Engl)     Country:  China    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  1723-7     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Department of Interventional Radiology, First Affiliated Hospital of Nanjing Medical University, Nanjing, Jiangsu 210029, China.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adult
Aged
Aged, 80 and over
Catheterization / methods*
Female
Humans
Male
Middle Aged
Pulmonary Embolism / radiography,  therapy*
Retrospective Studies
Thrombolytic Therapy / methods*
Tomography, X-Ray Computed
Vena Cava Filters
Young Adult

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