Document Detail

Value of Visual Inspection, Bimanual Palpation, and Intraoperative Ultrasonography During Hepatic Resection for Liver Metastases of Colorectal Carcinoma.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  21959929     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
BACKGROUND: Intraoperative detection of new nodules is common in patients undergoing hepatectomy for colorectal liver metastases, although the value of intraoperative diagnosis is not well assessed. METHODS: A prospectively collected and recorded database was retrospectively analyzed. Helical computed tomography (CT) results were correlated with those of the intraoperative diagnosis in 183 consecutive patients undergoing 254 consecutive hepatectomies, including repeated resection for colorectal liver metastases. RESULTS: In total, 270 nodules were newly detected during 65 hepatectomies. The sensitivity of CT to detect metastatic nodules was 72.8% (722/992), but it decreased to 34.6% (125/361) for small (≤1 cm diameter) tumors. Intraoperative visual inspection and/or palpation detected 207 of 270 nodules. Intraoperative ultrasonography (IOUS) played an important role in identifying deep (≥1 cm from the surface) and comparatively small (≤1 cm diameter) nodules (4/9 vs. 16/18, respectively, for those >1 cm vs. ≤1 cm diameter). The likelihood of intraoperative detection of new nodules increased from 10 in 112 to 6 in 9 when the preoperative tumor number increased from solitary to ≥10, resulting in an overall likelihood of 65 in 254 (25.6%). Of 65 patients with new nodules, 21 had at least one nodule that was detected only by IOUS. Preoperatively scheduled hepatectomy was altered in 47 (72%) patients, although additional limited resection(s) were sufficient to remove these nodules in 43 (91%) of them. CONCLUSIONS: Visual inspection, palpation, and IOUS had equally indispensable roles in detecting new nodules during hepatectomy. Detection was common and usually necessitated alteration, albeit moderately, of the surgical plan.
Shojiro Hata; Hiroshi Imamura; Taku Aoki; Takuya Hashimoto; Masaaki Akahane; Kiyoshi Hasegawa; Yoshifumi Bekku; Yasuhiko Sugawara; Masatoshi Makuuchi; Norihiro Kokudo
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2011-9-30
Journal Detail:
Title:  World journal of surgery     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1432-2323     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2011 Sep 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-9-30     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7704052     Medline TA:  World J Surg     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Division of Hepato-Biliary-Pancreatic and Transplantation Surgery, Department of Surgery, Graduate School of Medicine, University of Tokyo, 7-3-1- Hongo, Bunkyo-ku, Tokyo, 113-0033, Japan.
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