Document Detail


Validity of ultrasonography in diagnosing obstructive jaundice.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  16167714     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the validity of ultrasonography in patients who have obstructive jaundice. DESIGN: A descriptive retrospective study. SETTING: Surgical Department, Tikur Anbessa Teaching Hospital, Addis-Ababa, Ethiopia. SUBJECTS: A total of 49 patients; 15 male and 34 female underwent operation for obstructive jaundice. RESULTS: The cause of obstructive jaundice identified by ultrasonography with reasonable sensitivity of 90% and specificity of 79% for choledocholithiasis and sensitivity of 50% and specificity of 90% for pancreatic head tumours. The degree of common bile duct enlargement was significantly higher when the cause for obstruction was malignant, originating from the head of pancreas or distal end of the common bile duct. CONCLUSION: Ultrasonography should be the first and best initial imaging procedure in patients who have obstructive jaundice and shows reasonable sensitivity and specificity to identify causes of obstruction in obstructive jaundice. These findings may act also as a base for which further studies on validity of ultrasonography in the diagnosis of obstructive jaundice could be carried out.
Authors:
D Admassie; A H/Yesus; A Denke
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Clinical Trial; Journal Article; Validation Studies    
Journal Detail:
Title:  East African medical journal     Volume:  82     ISSN:  0012-835X     ISO Abbreviation:  East Afr Med J     Publication Date:  2005 Jul 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2005-09-19     Completed Date:  2005-12-06     Revised Date:  2007-08-28    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0372766     Medline TA:  East Afr Med J     Country:  Kenya    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  379-81     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Department of Radiology, Faculty of Medicine, Addis Ababa University, P.O. Box 9086, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adult
Aged
Bile Ducts / pathology,  ultrasonography
Female
Gallstones / complications
Humans
Jaundice, Obstructive / etiology,  pathology,  ultrasonography*
Male
Middle Aged
Organ Size
Pancreatic Neoplasms / complications
Retrospective Studies
Sensitivity and Specificity

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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